Media outlets continued to condemn US trade sanctions toward China, warning the US to “reign in the horse before the precipice.”
The State Council Information office released a white paper on “China's Policies and Practices on Protecting Freedom of Religious Belief.” Upon the release of the white paper, former deputy director of the State Administration for Religious Affairs Chen Zongrong said the China’s attitude towards religious guidance should move toward the direction of sinicization.
Party propaganda emphasized the need for the CCP to carry out “self-revolution” as a means to purify itself and maintain its governance capabilities.
Xi Jinping Presides Over the First Meeting of the Central Economic and Financial Affairs Commission, Stresses Strengthening Centralized, Unified Leadership of the Central Committee on Economic Work to Build a Moderately Prosperous Society and Fight the Three Major Battles
4.2 Xi Jinping presided over the first meeting of the new Central Economic and Financial Affairs Commission (中央财经委员会), for which he serves as director. Aside from Xi Jinping, Commission members included Secretary of the Central Committee’s Secretariat Wang Huning (王沪宁), Vice Premier of the State Council Han Zheng (韩正), and Li Keqiang (李克强), who also serves as the commission’s deputy director. CPPCC National Committee chairman Wang Yang (汪洋) also participated in the meeting. The meeting reviewed and approved the “Working Rules of the Central Economic and Financial Affairs Commission” (中央财经委员会工作规则) and discussed the need to strengthen centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee over economic work.
Xi emphasized in a speech the need to tackle the the “three major battles” (三大攻坚战): 1) reducing financial risks, 2) reducing poverty, and 3) reducing environmental degradation. The conference listened to reports from the People’s Bank of China (中国人民银行), the State Council’s Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development (国务院扶贫办), and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (生态环境部) on how to best address these issues. To reduce risk, the meeting stressed the importance of reducing local government and SOE leveraging, promoting high-quality development, intensifying organizational guarantees for preventing and fighting financial risks, and strengthening local government responsibilities for risk reduction. When it comes to tackling poverty, the meeting stated they must not raise or reduce current standards and focus on attacking the problem itself. They also discussed the importance of improving the supervision mechanisms of the poverty alleviation policies in action. To address pollution, the meeting discussed the need to adjust the “four structures” (四个结构) to achieve “four reductions and four increases” (四减四增): 1) adjust the industrial structure, reduce excess industries, and increase growth momentum; 2) adjust the energy structure, reduce coal consumption, and increase clean energy usage; 3) adjust the transportation structure, reduce road traffic, and increase railway transportation; and 4) adjust agricultural inputs, reduce the use of fertilizers and pesticides, and increase the usage of organic fertilizers.
Wang Yi Conducts Official Visit to Vietnam
4.1-2 Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Yi (王毅) met with Vietnam’s Communist Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, President Tran Dai Quang, and Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phu in Hanoi during his visit to Vietnam. Nguyen Phu Trong congratulated China on the successes of the two sessions and expressed that Vietnam welcomed China’s development. He remarked that since both countries are socialist countries, there is no reason the two cannot help each other. Both sides should properly address maritime issues based in the spirit of camaraderie and brotherhood so as to not affect the two countries’ relationship. Wang Yi said that both sides should grasp the opportunity to transform political consensus between both parties and countries into actions which will reinforce bilateral cooperation.
Xi Jinping Meets Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa
4.3 Xi Jinping met with Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Both sides agreed to elevate the China-Zimbabwe relationship to a “comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership” (全面战略合作伙伴关系). Xi said the fact that Mnangagwa chose China for his first trip outside of Africa showed how he highly values the China-Zimbabwe relationship. Both sides should maintain high-level exchanges and continue to provide mutual understanding and support on issues that involve each other’s core interests. Cooperation should also be deepened under the frameworks of the Belt and Road Initiative and Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. Mr. Mnangagwa congratulated Xi again for being elected as China’s president and stated the government and people of Zimbabwe would never forget the support that China had continuously provided. Zimbabwe will continue to adhere to the One China Policy (一个中国政策) and reinforce cooperation with China.
Qiu Shi: Consistently Push Forward the New Great Project of Party Construction
3.31 A commentary published in the Qiushi Journal under the pen name “Qiu Shi” (秋石), used by the Qiushi Editorial Board to convey the theoretical positions of the CCP Central Committee, emphasized the importance of both social revolution (社会革命) and self-revolution (自我革命). It indicated the new great project of Party construction consists of two parts, namely leading great struggles and undertakings and realizing the fundamental guarantee of the great dream. The commentary noted the CCP is both a Marxist political and revolutionary party and called for the Party leading not only the people in carrying out social revolution but also itself in carrying out self-revolution. It stressed the Party must be brave enough to “turn the knife inward” (刀刃向内) and “scrape poison from the bone” (刮骨疗毒) while carrying out self-revolution so that it can continuously strengthen its self-purification, self-perfection, and self-innovation abilities. It exhorted Party members to remain dedicated to deepening comprehensive strict governance of the Party and putting into practice the 19th Party Congress’ requirements and important tasks for Party construction for a new era.
The Great Social and Self-Revolutions
3.31 Director of the Central Advisory Committee for the Marxism Theoretical Research and Construction Project Xu Guangchun (徐光春) published an article on social and self-revolution in the Qiushi Journal. He wrote that Xi Jinping’s 5 January speech on studying and implementing the spirit of the 19th Party Congress emphasized the significance of correctly understanding and handling the relationship between the social and self-revolution led by the Party. Xu described social revolution as the mission and lifelong task of Party members, arguing the Party would be unable to call itself a proletarian revolutionary party without it. Self-revolution, however, is a requirement for strengthening Party members’ revolutionary spirit and abilities in political leadership, ideological guidance, organization of the masses, and social appeals. Xu stated the Party will be unable to lead the people in carrying out social revolution without self-revolution. He elaborated by claiming the victory of the great social revolution for a new era requires the safeguards and impetus of the Party’s great self-revolution.
Xuan Yan: Flowing Fresh Water Comes from the Source
4.2 People’s Daily published an article under the byline Xuan Yan (宣言) saying that the Party and state institutional reform releases the “freshwater from the source (源头活水)” and infuses strong power to advance the “people’s pursuit of the great dream and a better life.” The article stressed that no reform of the political system can be completed overnight and that a reform is also a revolution. It highlighted that the word “people” has been engraved in China’s journey of progressing political development since the 18th Party Congress. The people’s will is now better represented with the institutional reforms; the people’s power is now better protected with the improvement of the People’s Congress system; the people’s wisdom is now better collected with the People’s Political Consultative institutions; and the people’s interests are now better secured with the judicial reform. In addition, Xuan Yan said that adhering to and reinforcing the Party’s overall leadership is the core of this reform and that only through insisting on and developing Socialism with Chinese Characteristics can the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation be realized.
Wang Hailou: Terminating Tariff Concessions on US is China’s Response and Warning
People’s Daily Foreign Edition
4.3 A commentary published under the “Wang Hailou” (望海楼) column, an important column directed at Chinese/foreign Chinese living abroad, commented on China’s decision to impose 15% or 25% tariffs on 128 US goods. The article said that the decision is a legitimate measure for China to protect its own interests. It is a response to US Section 232 measures and also a warning to the US. Whether the US wants to “rein in the horse before the precipice” (悬崖勒马) and retreat from protectionism or continue stubbornly is the US’ decision, but China will respond accordingly. China does not enjoy trade wars but will be forced to use war to fight and stop war. If the war cannot be stopped, China will then accept the challenge. After decades of development, China now has enough strength to cause the other side in a trade war at least the same level of damage, and China holds a strong will to utilize this strength.
Zhong Sheng: Welcome a New Beginning for Peaceful Development and Win-win Cooperation
4.4 The commentary pen name “Zhong Sheng” (钟声), which stands for “Voice of China” and/or “Sounding the Alarm Bell” and authoritatively transmits the official positions of People’s Daily on matters of international affairs, pointed out that the willingness of some countries to provide global public goods has decreased and that some forces are even recklessly undermining the multilateral international system. The commentary said that, in contrast, the chief designer of the major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics Xi Jinping, has provided a China model to human society with his progress on building a community of shared future for mankind. When Xi attended the Boao Forum for Asia in 2013, he proposed to strengthen the consciousness of building a community of shared future. Two years later, Xi introduced the idea of “a community of shared future for mankind” for the first time at the Forum. This year, Xi Jinping will attend the Boao Forum for Asia, which will be held from 8 to 11 April. The main theme of this year’s annual conference is “an open and innovative Asia for a world of greater prosperity,” and China will continue to work with other countries to build communities with a shared future for mankind and for Asia.
Zhong Sheng: United States' Only Way Out is to Rein in the Horse Before the Precipice
4.5 Zhong Sheng published an article emphasizing that China will not cave in to the US’ unreasonable pressure and that no other country should be blamed for the US’ own economic problems. If the US insists on fighting a trade war, China has the strength and determination to fight to the finish. If the US is willing to talk, China also has enough sincerity to do so, but any negotiation will have to be based on equal negotiation and mutual respect. The commentary criticized US Section 301 for betraying the US’ international commitments and trampling on international trade rules, adding the current US administration has seemed to erase the concept of “win-win cooperation.” Zhong Sheng stressed that accusing China for “forced technology transfers” is an example of “delusional disorder” as foreign industries’ investments in China are all based on the market. The US’ actions will also cause it to miss opportunities in promoting economic and technological development. The only way out for US is to “rein in the horse before the precipice” (悬崖勒马).
Venerate Heroic Martyrs, Defend the Spiritual Homeland
4.5-6 People’s Daily announced it would start running a special column called “Heroic Martyrs for National Rejuvenation” (为了民族复兴·英雄烈士谱) on 6 April. The article decried the recent trends of heroic martyr stigimization (污名化) and historical nihilism (历史虚无主义), arguing they replaced objectivity with subjectivity, historical facts with erroneous assumptions, and the whole picture for minor problems. It criticized those who question the contributions of Liu Hulan (刘胡兰), Qiu Shaoyun (邱少云), Lei Feng (雷锋), and others for negatively influencing public opinion, distorting history, inverting right and wrong, and having ulterior motives. The article claimed the aim of historical nihilism is denying the guidance of Marxism and leadership of the CCP. It used the experience of the Soviet Union to contend that questioning history results in the degradation of public morality and ideological confusion. An article from the following day mentioned People’s Daily plans to publish columns on 793 heroic martyrs. The first column focused on the “revolutionary army’s forerunner” Zou Rong (邹容).
UNITED FRONT WORK
“China’s Freedom of Religion Policy is Sincere, Effective, and Based on National Conditions” The State Council Information Office Holds Press Conference Launching New White Paper [China's Policies and Practices on Protecting Freedom of Religious Belief]
4.3 Former deputy director of the State Administration for Religious Affairs (国家宗教事务局) Chen Zongrong (陈宗荣) held a press conference on the occasion of the State Council Information Office publication of a white paper on “China's Policies and Practices on Protecting Freedom of Religious Belief” (中国保障宗教信仰自由的政策和实践), the second of its kind since 1997. Chen told the press that in the twenty years since the first white paper’s publication, both China’s economic and social developments and religions have undergone tremendous change, and that now “the five major religions are shifting from the pursuit of quantitative growth to qualitative improvements,” (五大宗教正处在由追求量的增长转向注重质的提升的阶段).
Chen said that it was necessary to issue another white paper to show major changes in protecting freedom of religion and promoting a harmonious relationship between the five religions. He explained the “Chinese Characteristics of Protecting Religious Freedoms” (保障宗教信仰自由的中国特色) which is embodied in four aspects: 1) being rooted in history and culture; 2) benefiting from the correct policies and laws; 3) developing rich and lively religious work practices; 4) self-reflection and self-reliance of the religious world. When asked if China’s religious policy will change, Chen said that basic religious freedoms as stated in the constitution will remain unchanged. However, as Xi Jinping alluded to in a speech at the 2016 National Conference of Religious Work, China’s attitude towards religious guidance should move toward the direction of sinicization. He said that adhering to the changes in China’s development does not change the basic teachings of religious doctrine, but are necessary to guide the religious community to better pursue politics, adjust culturally, and better achieve sinicization. Chen specifically explained it as leading the religious community to embrace the socialist system and support CCP leadership. He concluded saying that religious culture and expression, including architectural style and religious art, must exemplify Chinese characteristics.
You Quan: Deeply Study the Resolution of Problems Appearing in Religious Work and Continue the Sinification of Religion in China
4.3-4 United Front Work Department Head You Quan (尤权) participated in an inspection tour in Anhui Province. During the tour, he emphasized that Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the spirit of the 19th Party Congress must be used to guide comprehensive implementation of the CCP Central Committee’s decisions on religious work, adherence to the sinification of religion, strengthening of religious affairs management according to the law, and actively guiding religion and socialist society toward mutual compatibility. He called for comprehensively implementing the spirit of the National Conference of Religious Work and the recently revised Regulations on Religious Affairs, especially adopting an attitude conducive to guidance, building a grassroots religious work management system, strengthening the education of religious figures, giving full play to patriotic religious groups, resolutely resisting outside forces using religion as a means of infiltration, guarding against and controlling illegal religious activities, and safeguarding national security and social harmony and stability.
COMPREHENSIVELY DEEPENING REFORM
State Council Customs and Tariffs Commission Announces and Implements Retaliatory Tariffs Against US Imports Responding to US Section 232 Tariffs
Ministry of Finance Portal
4.1 With approval from the State Council, the State Council Customs Tariff Commission (国务院关税税则委员会) suspended tariff reductions on certain imported goods originating from the United States as of 2 April. In an announcement from the Ministry of Finance, it was explained that the reapplication of tariffs is in response to the US Section 232 steel and aluminum tariffs first announced 8 March and implemented 23 March. A 15% tariff will be applied to 120 products including fruit, and a 25% tariff will be applied to eight products including pork. Tax-exemptions for relevant policies will remain the same. The announcement reaffirmed China’s support of the multilateral trading system and claimed the measures were in keeping with WTO rules. A second announcement the same day included formulas for calculating tariffs and import taxes, and an Excel file listing each product specifically. Tariffs will be applied to the before-tax price of goods.
On 3 April, Reuters confirmed that China had fulfilled its legal obligations to inform the WTO in a notice which was submitted to the organization last Thursday but released to the public after China’s announcement on Sunday.
China Announces Plans for Retaliatory Actions against US Section 301 Tariffs
Ministry of Commerce / Ministry of Foreign Affairs / Ministry of Finance
4.4 China’s Ministry of Commerce announced it had initiated a request under the WTO dispute settlement framework against the proposed US Section 301 investigation into Chinese technology and intellectual property rights misuse. The announcement accused the US of disregarding WTO rules and its own commitment to the organization, and stated the proposed tariffs will not only harm China’s legitimate interests but will detract from the authority of the rules-based multilateral trading system. The announcement confirmed China’s commitment to the WTO and the multinational trading system. China’s Ministry of Finance issued a list of 106 US products that will be subject to a 25% tariff at an unspecified date in the future. The list includes soybeans, automobiles, and chemicals. Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang (陆慷) issued a press release on the topic, stating that China condemns and opposes the United States’ unilateralist and protectionist actions. Lu said US Section 301 tariff actions ignore the “win-win” mutually beneficial economic relationship between the US and China, and are not conducive to the interests of the United States, China, or the global economy. Lu finished by saying China is confident and capable of responding to any trade protectionist measure from the United States.
Foreign Ministry Spokesman Lu Kang Answers Questions on President Trump’s Proposed Additional Tariffs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Portal
4.6 On the night of 5 April, US President Trump issued a statement proposing additional tariffs on $100 billion worth of imports from China. Speaking on behalf of the Chinese government, Foreign Ministry Spokesman Lu Kang (陆慷) stated that the United States had seriously misjudged the situation and will eventually harm its own interests. He said that China has made full preparations to counter the US should it move forward and issue a list of products subject to these new tariffs. When asked, Lu said this is a struggle between US unilateralism and multilateral free trade, and that the interests of the global economy are at stake. He said China is prepared to resolutely fight this battle. Lu also stated that China has already formulated specific countermeasures should the US continue to escalate trade tensions, and that China will not behave belligerently but will not tolerate belligerence from others.
Ministry of Culture and Tourism Strictly Investigates Parodies of Red Classics and Heroic Figures
4.2 The Ministry of Culture and Tourism recently reinforced supervision over the Internet culture market and strictly investigated the forbidden content in the online game, show, and music markets. Since the campaign started, 7,858 Internet culture businesses were inspected and 236 cases were filed. A majority of the violations came from online games promoting gambling or not requiring real-name registration and videos containing parodies of Red Classics and heroic figures. The Ministry of Culture and Tourism will continue to reinforce supervision of the Internet culture market and regulate market order.
Former Vice Governor Feng Xinzhu Expelled from Party and Public Office for Severe Disciplinary Violations
Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and National Supervisory Commission Portal
3.31 The Central Committee and Central Commission for Discipline Inspection approved the expulsion of former Vice Governor of Shaanxi Province Feng Xinzhu (冯新柱) from the Party for severe disciplinary violations. The National Supervisory Commission decided to also remove Feng from public office and to confiscate the gains he obtained through disciplinary violations, and to transfer his case to the relevant national organs. The offences Feng stands accused of include violating political and work discipline, lacking the four consciousnesses, ineffectively and passively implementing the Central Committee’s major decisions on the tough battle against poverty, using poverty alleviation work for personal gain, forming alliances to resist organized investigation, violating the eight-point guidelines, and accepting banquets and travel arranged by private businessmen.
Former Guizhou Provincial Party Standing Committee Member and Vice Governor Wang Xiaoguang Put Under Disciplinary and Supervisory Investigations for Severe Disciplinary Violations and Law Breaking
Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and National Supervisory Commission Portal
4.1 Central Commission for Discipline Inspection released a short announcement on 1 April saying that former Guizhou Provincial Party Committee Standing Committee member and Vice Governor Wang Xiaoguang (王晓光) was put under disciplinary and supervisory investigations for severe disciplinary violations and law breaking. China Discipline and Supervision Newspaper published an article on 2 April highlighting three differences of this announcement that embodied the rule of law mentality of the National Supervisory Commission after its establishment. First, the source of the announcement had now changed from the CCDI to the CCDI and National Supervisory Commission. Second, “severe disciplinary violations” (严重违纪) had been changed to “severe disciplinary violations and law breaking” (严重违纪违法). Third, “receive organizational investigation” (接受组织审查) had been changed to “receive disciplinary and supervisory investigations” (接受纪律审查和监察调查). The article described Wang as the first tiger to fall since the supervision law was put into practice.
INTERNATIONAL LIAISON WORK
The Worldwide Importance of the Theory and Practice of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics
3.31 The Research Office of the International Liaison Department published an article on the worldwide importance of the theory and practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the Qiushi Journal. It stated that history has already shown and will continue to prove that this form of socialism has provided not only China’s rapid development with scientific ideological guidance and fundamental political safeguards but also the world with a new perspective and valuable lesson on addressing obstacles in developing and a vivid example of independence, self-reliance, good governance, stability, and prosperity. The article lauded socialism with Chinese characteristics for gradually breaking Western countries’ monopoly over modernization discourse, creating a tolerant and fair road to modernization, and making modernization no longer based on expanding the territory of one’s country or enslaving other countries. It also favorably contrasted this form of socialism with the Washington Consensus, arguing the latter was externally imposed, based on imitation, and resulted in countries becoming stuck in the middle income trap.
4.2 International Department Minister Song Tao (宋涛) met with President of Zimbabwe and President and First Secretary of the Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU–PF) Emmerson Mnangagwa in Beijing during his state visit to China. Mnangagwa noted the precious friendship between the ZANU–PF and CCP started during the Zimbabwean people’s struggle for national independence and deepened during the course of national construction and development. He also expressed his intention to improve Zimbabwe-China relations, pay close attention to exchange and cooperation between the ZANU–PF and CCP, and learn from the CCP’s ability to carry out comprehensive leadership over itself and state affairs. Song stated China will resolutely implement the important consensus Xi Jinping and Mnangagwa reached on inter-party and bilateral relations and promote new development in China-Zimbabwe relations for a new era. International Department Vice Minister Xu Luping (徐绿平) and Chinese Ambassador to Zimbabwe Huang Ping (黄屏) also participated in the meeting.
4.3 International Department Vice Minister Guo Yezhou (郭业洲) met with a Federal Socialist Forum-Nepal (FSFN) cadre study group in Beijing. The two sides exchanged ideas on developing China-Nepal relations and advancing CCP-FSFN exchange and cooperation.
4.3 Guo Yezhou met with Canadian Member of Parliament Bob Saroya in Beijing. The two exchanged ideas on China-Canada relations and inter-party exchanges.
4.2 The United Front Work Department added three new deputy heads: Xu Yousheng (许又声), Wang Zuoan (王作安), and Tan Tianxing (谭天星).
4.2 Tang Chengpei (唐承沛) was appointed deputy head and Party group member of the Ministry of Civil Affairs (民政部).
4.2 Xi Jinping appointed the following ambassadors:
Hong Xiaoyong (洪小勇) replaced Chen Xiaodong (陈晓东) as ambassador to the Republic of Singapore.
Chen Dong (陈栋) replaced Ma Fulin (马福林) as ambassador to the Central African Republic.
Peng Jingtao (彭惊涛) replaced Diao Mingsheng (刁鸣生) as ambassador to the Republic of Benin.
Fu Jijun (付吉军) replaced Zhang Yue (张越) as ambassador to the Republic of Liberia.
Liu Guangyuan (刘光源) replaced Xu Jian (徐坚) as ambassador to the Republic of Poland.
Wu Xi (吴玺) (female) replaced Wang Lutong (王鲁彤) as ambassador to New Zealand and the Cook Islands.
Tian Qi (田琦) replaced Niu Qingbao (牛清报) as ambassador to Jamaica.
Wang Gang (王刚) replaced Dong Xiaojun (董晓军) as ambassador to the Oriental Republic of Uruguay.
4.3 The State Council appointed staff for the following positions:
Chen Xi (陈希) was appointed president of the Chinese Academy of Governance.
He Yiting (何毅亭) was appointed vice president (Ministerial Level 正部长级) in charge of daily affairs for the Chinese Academy of Governance.
Wang Dongjing (王东京), Zhen Zhanmin (甄占民), and Li Ji (李季) were appointed vice presidents of the Chinese Academy of Governance.
Yang Chunguang (杨春光) was appointed as deputy director-general of the State Post Bureau;
4.4 Li Pengde (李朋德) was appointed deputy director-general of the China Geological Survey.
4.4 The State Council appointed staff to the following positions:
Yue Yu (乐玉) was appointed vice minister of foreign affairs.
Huang Wei (黄卫) was appointed vice minister of science and technology.
Zhang Jianguo (张建国) was appointed vice minister of science and technology and as
administrator of the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs.
Xu Nanping (徐南平) and Li Meng (李萌) were appointed vice ministers of science and technology.
Wang Jiangping (王江平) was appointed vice minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
Tang Chengpei (唐承沛) was appointed vice minister of civil affairs.
Cheng Lihua (female) (程丽华) was appointed vice minister of finance.
Huang Runqiu (黄润秋), Zhai Qing (翟青), and Zhao Yingmin (赵英民) were appointed vice ministers of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
Liu Hua (刘华) was appointed vice minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and director of the National Nuclear Safety Administration.
Zhuang Guotai (庄国泰) was appointed the vice minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
Jiang Xuguang (蒋旭光) and Lei Mingshan (雷鸣山) were appointed vice ministers of the Ministry of Water Resources.
Qian Feng (钱锋) was appointed as vice minister of the Ministry of Veterans Affairs.
Fang Yongxiang (方永祥) was appointed as the vice minister of the Ministry of Veterans Affairs.
Huang Ming (黄明), Fu Jianhua (付建华), Sun Huashan (孙华山), Zheng Guoguang (郑国光), and Huang Yuzhi (黄玉治) were appointed vice ministers of the emergency management department.
Ye Jianchun (叶建春) was appointed vice minister of emergency management.
Shang Yong (尚勇) was appointed the vice minister of emergency management (at the ministerial level 正部长级).
Guo Shuqing (郭树清) was appointed the deputy governor of the People's Bank of China.
Wang Wenbin (王文斌) was appointed deputy auditor-general of the National Audit Office.
Weng Jieming (翁杰明) was appointed vice chairman of the State-Owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council.
Ni Yuefeng (倪岳峰) was appointed minister of the General Administration of Customs.
Zhang Mao (张茅) was appointed director of the State Market Regulatory Administration.
Bi Jingquan (毕井泉), Ma Zhengqi (马正其), Gan Lin (female) (甘霖), and Tang Jun (唐军) were appointed deputy directors of the State Market Regulatory Administration.
Tian Shihong (田世宏) was appointed deputy director general State Market Regulatory Administration and director of the Standardization Administration of China.
Sun Meijun (female) (孙梅君) was appointed deputy director of the State Market Regulatory Administration.
Qin Yizhi (秦宜智) was appointed deputy director general of the State Market Regulatory Administration (ministerial level).
Wang Xiaotao (王晓涛) was appointed director of the State International Development Cooperation Agency.
Zhang Yantong (张彦通) was appointed deputy director of the Counselor’s Office of the State Council.
Wang Zuo’an (王作安) was appointed director of the State Administration of Religious Affairs.
Xu Yousheng (许又声) was appointed director of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council.
Hou Jianguo (侯建国) was appointed vice president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (at the ministerial level).
Ma Jiantang (马建堂) and Wang Anshun (王安顺) were appointed deputy directors of the Development Research Center of the State Council.
Zhang Wufeng (张务锋) was appointed secretary of the State Grain and Material Reserve Bureau.
Zeng Liying (female) (曾丽瑛), Lu Jingbo (卢景波), and Han Weijiang (韩卫江) were appointed deputy directors of the State Grain and Material Reserve Bureau.
Jiao Hong (female) (焦红) was appointed director of the State Food and Drug Administration.
Shen Changyu (申长雨) was appointed commissioner of the State Intellectual Property Office.
Liujun Chen (刘俊臣), He Hua (贺化), Gan Shaoning (甘绍宁), He Zhimin (何志敏), Liao Tao (廖涛), and Zhang Maoyu (张茂于) were appointed deputy commissioners of the State Intellectual Property Office.
Fu Xingguo (傅兴国) was appointed as director of the State Administration of Civil Service.
Image Source: Edward Wong/AP