Weekly Report 4|93 10.22.22-10.28.22
The 20th Central Committee elected members of the Politburo and the Politburo Standing Committee; approved the Politburo Standing Committee’s nominations for the Central Secretariat and Central Military Commission; and ratified the 20th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection’s (CCDI) election. (See Senior Leaders section)
Xi Jinping led the Politburo Standing Committee in a visit to Yan’an, where he gave a speech on promoting the “Yan’an spirit” in the present day. (See Senior Leaders section)
A People’s Daily Commentator Article discussed the “three musts” (三个务必), referring to Xi Jinping’s statement in his report to the Party Congress that Party members should 1. Remain true to the Party’s “original aspiration” and mission, 2. “Be modest and prudent” and capable of struggle, and 3. Show “historical self-confidence” and “historical initiative.” (See Propaganda Work section)
20th National Party Congress’ Resolution on “The Chinese Communist Party Constitution (Revised)”
10.22 The 20th National Congress approved a resolution to amend the constitution of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The resolution emphasized the ideology and leadership of Xi Jinping throughout. It stated that the “Congress requires the entire Party to deeply comprehend the decisive significance of the ‘two establishes (两个确立), fully implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for the New Era, and implement this thought in all areas of the process of the Party and country’s work.” The resolution also emphasized “the spirit of struggle” (斗争精神) and stated that the Party Congress had agreed to write “strengthening the ability to struggle” into the constitution. It proceeded to state that the “national rejuvenation of the Chinese nation” through “Chinese-style modernization” is the Party’s “central task” (中心任务) in the “new era” on the “new journey.” It further added terms related to the consolidation of a “socialist economic system,” also specifying the components of that system, the realization of “common prosperity” (共同富裕) for all people, and the “new development pattern” (新发展格局) of domestic and international “dual circulation” (双循环) into the party constitution. It stated that the country’s current strategic outlook is divided into two stages. First, “between 2020 and 2025, socialist modernization will be achieved” and second, “between 2035 and mid-century, a prosperous, democratic, civilized, harmonious, modern, socialist, strong country will be built.” The resolution also expressed approval of plans to improve “whole-process people’s democracy” (全过程人民民主). It proceeded to assert the importance of enabling the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) to become a “world-class military,” not deviating from the implementation of “One Country, Two Systems” (一个国家、两种制度), and firmly “opposing and containing ‘Taiwan independence.’” Next, it stated that “going into the new era, the situation the Party and country will confront is complex.” Only through adhering to the “guiding position” (指导地位) of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics can the Party address long-term problems, achieve lasting stability, and eliminate “hidden dangers” (隐患) in the Party, country, and military. The resolution emphasized that with Xi as the “core” of the Party, all must strengthen of the “four consciousnesses” (四个意识) consolidate the “four confidences” (四个自信), and achieve the two defends (两个维护).
There were a number of differences between the resolution to amend the constitution and the actual revisions made. The actual revisions for example, do not contain a reference to “deeply comprehending the decisive significance of the two establishes (两个确立).” Nor do they discuss a “guiding position” (指导地位) for Xi Jinping’s ideology, though they do include the “two defends.”
The First Plenum of the Party’s 20th [Central Committee] Produces [Its] Central Leadership, Xi Jinping Elected General Secretary and Central Military Commission Chairman
10.23 At its first plenum, the newly-elected 20th Central Committee elected members of the Politburo and the Politburo Standing Committee; approved the Politburo Standing Committee’s nominations for the Central Secretariat and decided membership of the Central Military Commission; and ratified the 20th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection’s (CCDI) elections of a secretary, vice-secretary, and standing committee. The Politburo Standing Committee now consists of Xi Jinping, Li Qiang (李强), Zhao Leji (赵乐际), Wang Huning (王沪宁), Cai Qi (蔡奇), Ding Xuexiang (丁薛祥), and Li Xi (李希).
The full Politburo consists of the Standing Committee members listed above, Ma Xingrui (马兴瑞), Wang Yi (王毅), Yi Li (尹力), Shi Taifeng (石泰峰), Liu Guozhong (刘国中), Li Ganjie (李干杰), Li Shulei (李书磊), Li Hongzhong (李鸿忠), He Weidong (何卫东), He Lifeng (何立峰), Zhang Youxia (张又侠), Zhang Guoqing (张国清), Chen Wenqing (陈文清), Chen Jining ( 陈吉宁), Chen Min’er (陈敏尔), Yuan Jiajun (袁家军), and Huang Kunming (黄坤明). The Central Secretariat’s secretaries are Cai Qi, Shi Taifeng, Li Ganjie, Li Shulei, Chen Wenqing, Liu Jinguo (刘金国), and Wang Xiaohong (王小洪). Vice-chairs of the Central Military Commission are Zhang Youxia and He Weidong, and its other members are Li Shangfu (李尚福), Liu Zhenli (刘振立), Miao Hua (苗华), and Zhang Shengmin (张升民). The secretary of the CCDI is Li Xi, and the vice-secretaries are Liu Jinguo, Zhang Shengmin, Xiao Pei (肖培), Yu Hongqiu (喻红秋), Fu Kui (傅奎), Sun Xinyang (孙新阳), Liu Xuexin (刘学新), and Zhang Fuhai (张福海).
Xi Jinping: Earnestly Study, Publicize, and Implement the Spirit of the 20th Party Congress, and Strive to Achieve the Military’s Centenary Struggle Goal
10.24 Xi Jinping attended and delivered a speech at a meeting of leading military cadres. In his speech, he emphasized that the whole army should “earnestly study, publicize, and implement the spirit of the 20th Party Congress,” strengthen ideological guidance, strengthen responsibility, strengthen work implementation, strive to achieve the military’s centenary struggle goal, and “open up a new phase for the development of a strong military.” Xi pointed out that the five years since the 19th Party Congress have been “extremely unusual and extraordinary” in the development of the military. He noted that the Central Military Commission (CMC) “resolutely implements the decisions and arrangements of the CCP Central Committee,” implements the Party’s ideology of strengthening the military in the new era, and leads the entire military in further promoting the enhancement of political loyalty of the military (政治建军), strengthening the military through reform (改革强军), strengthening the military through science and technology (科技强军), strengthening the military through talent cultivation (人才强军), and managing the military according to the law (依法治军). Xi declared that a series of new major achievements and a series of major changes have been made in national defense and military construction. Summarizing military achievements over the past five years, Xi noted that the CMC has adhered to the Party’s absolute leadership over the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), innovated strategic military guidance, persevered in tightening discipline and improving party conduct (正风肃纪) as well as battling corruption, promoted the construction of an integrated national strategic system and its capabilities, and made a “big step forward” in the modernization level and actual combat ability of the PLA.
Looking forward, he noted that studying, publicizing, and implementing the spirit of the 20th Party Congress is the “primary political task of [the] entire party and [the] entire army,” and declared it necessary to “closely focus” on the theme of the 20th Party Congress. Xi called for in-depth study of important documents of the 20th Party Congress, such as his report to the Congress and party constitution, and in-depth understanding of the important ideas, viewpoints, strategies, and major measures contained therein. Xi called for going “all out” in realizing the military’s centenary struggle goal according to schedule, and declared it the “central task of the military’s construction over the next five years.” He pointed out that the first plenary session of the 20th Central Committee had decided the composition of the new CMC, and called for senior cadres to “speak politics (讲政治), be able to fight, be good at innovation, focus on practical work, be strict in self-discipline (严自律), and perform their duties well.”
Politburo members and CMC vice chairs Zhang Youxia (张又侠) and He Weidong (何卫东), and CMC vice chair Xu Qiliang (许其亮) attended and spoke at the meeting. State councilor and Defense Minister Wei Fenghe (魏凤和); CMC members Li Shangfu (李尚福), Liu Zhenli (刘振立), Miao Hua (苗华), and Zhang Shengmin (张升民); Li Zuocheng (李作成); and leading cadres from all military institutions and units under the CMC also attended the meeting.
Xi Jinping: Enrich the Great Spirit of the Party’s Founding and the Yan’an Spirit, Unite and Struggle to Realize the Goals and Tasks Raised at the 20th [Party] Congress
10.27 Xi Jinping led the Politburo Standing Committee (hereafter Standing Committee) in a visit to Yan’an, accompanied by Organization Department Head and Central Party School president Chen Xi (陈希), Shaanxi Party Secretary Liu Guozhong (刘国中), and unspecified central and provincial officials. They visited the Yan’an Revolutionary Memorial Site; reviewed the Central Committee’s experience of the Chinese civil war and the accomplishments of the revolutionary generation; pledged that as the new collective central leadership, they would replenish the “red bloodline” (红色血脉), carry on the “spirit of struggle” (奋斗精神), and make a good accounting to history and the people. The Standing Committee visited the site of the 7th Party Congress in 1938, which marked the beginning of the Yan’an rectification movement (延安整风运动). Xi said that the 7th Party Congress was a milestone in the Party’s shift towards political, ideological, and organizational maturity: politically, the Yan’an Rectification united the Party “under the banner of Mao Zedong” to an unprecedented extent; ideologically, it established (确立) the “guiding position” (指导地位) of Mao Zedong Thought and added it to the party constitution; and organizationally, it “formed the time-tested politicians’ leadership collective (政治家集团), holding the banner of Mao Zedong high.” Xi stated that it established the correct orientation and “road” for the future of the Party. The Standing Committee then visited the residence of Mao and other revolutionaries and discussed the revolutionary period. Xinhua’s article on the visit stated that during this time, the Party had to understand how to stop the cycle of political chaos and ensure the longevity of the Party’s authority. Mao came up with the first answer– allow the people to supervise government– while “the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core” produced the second through its experience in party governance since the 18th Party Congress– “self-revolution” (自我革命). Xi stressed the importance of studying, learning from, and propagating the history of the Yan’an period and the 7th Party Congress. After a guide at the site performed and explained the history of the song “The East is Red,” Xi noted that “these cultural pieces praising the Party and Chairman Mao were all independently created by the people and the masses, fully showing that the people chose Mao Zedong and gave him their allegiance.” The Standing Committee then visited an exhibit on the Party’s Yan’an period, where Xi discussed various historical events and exhibits with the group.
Xi then delivered an “important speech” in which he stressed the historical significance of the Yan’an period for the revolution. Reportedly “full of deep emotion,” Xi spoke about how he frequently visited revolutionary sites when he was sent to live in the Yan’an area for seven years, and inspected the area several more times upon becoming a central government official. He stated that along with the other members of the Central Committee, he pledged to carry on “fine revolutionary traditions and work style” and “enrich the Yan’an spirit.” Xi stated that the “Yan’an spirit” includes these traditions and work style, staunch and correct political orientation (坚定正确的政治方向), the ideological line of “seeking truth from facts” (实事求是), the fundamental goal of serving the people, and “the innovative spirit of self-reliance through our own efforts and arduous struggle.” He particularly emphasized a staunch and correct political orientation, calling on all Party members to maintain the correct political orientation and implement the Party’s basic theory, line, strategy, and central decisions and deployments. Xi stressed the Party’s emphasis on serving the people and closeness to the people in the Yan’an period, calling on the Party to maintain this closeness and work for “common prosperity” (共同富裕). Without mentioning him by name, Xi cited a quote from his father, Xi Zhongxun (习仲勋) from the Yan’an period on how Party members must sit side-by-side with the people. Xi then discussed how during the Yan’an period, the Central Committee and Red Army were encircled by the enemy and under economic blockade, but developed the ability of self-reliance amid arduous conditions, a spirit which Party members must still maintain. He then described how the humility of the “Yan’an work style” and lifestyle defeated the “Xi’an work style,” creating traditions of honesty, party governance, and self-revolution. Xi noted how the Party had developed its “spirit of struggle” during the period, opposing the Japanese invasion and Kuomintang amid challenging and uncertain circumstances, and that the modern Party should be able and willing to struggle against challenges. In conclusion, Xi noted that the 20th Party Congress had set the general policy for the Party and state, and called on the Party to set out on the “new journey” to meet its “struggle goals.”
Unite to Struggle, Write an Even More Magnificent Chapter [in the History] of Socialism With Chinese Characteristics for a New Era
10.23 People’s Daily published an editorial (社论) to mark the closing of the 20th Party Congress, praising it as a “clarion call to advance bravely in comprehensively building a modern socialist country (全面建设社会主义现代化国家) and comprehensively promoting the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation (全面推进中华民族伟大复兴).” It stressed the “extremely major historical significance” of the Congress, saying it came at a critical time for the “new journey” of socialist modernization and the military’s Second Centenary Goal. It noted various actions taken by the Congress, such as electing the new Central Committee and creating important guidance for future goals. The editorial briefly summarized the content of Xi Jinping’s report to the Congress, saying it analyzed domestic and international trends, summarized the last five years since the previous Congress and changes over the “new era” since Xi took office, addressed issues related to the sinicization of Marxism and “Chinese-style modernization,” created strategic plans and arrangements for major national goals, and set the direction for the Party-state and accomplishment of the Second Centenary Goal. It then praised the Party’s advances in theory made in the past ten years through “Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era,” stressing that this ideology had identified the “primary contradictions” of the new era. It called for adherence to and implementation of Xi Jinping’s ideology. The editorial then highlighted the “two establishes” (两个确立) as providing the “greatest certainty, confidence, and guarantee” for facing hardships and achieving victory, serving as the source of all the historic accomplishments and changes of the new era. It stressed that the Party must deeply comprehend this significance and maintain a “high degree of unanimity” with the “Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core.” The editorial noted that the Congress had set the Party’s mission for the next five years (comprehensively building a modern, socialist, strong country; achieving the Second Centenary Goals; and using Chinese-style modernization to advance national rejuvenation) and called for the Party to prepare for “major tests” in carrying out this mission, given international “changes unseen in a century” and global turbulence. The editorial then emphasized the importance of party governance to accomplishing such goals, requiring the Party to “constantly maintain awareness of and resolve [towards] resolving the problems particular to the great Party” and never become fatigued in its ongoing efforts towards self-revolution and strict internal governance. It then discussed the importance of “united struggle” (团结奋斗) to accomplish modernization, and stated that “the most important task at present” is for individuals to study the spirit of the 20th Party Congress as a guide to united ideology and action, then “roll up their sleeves” and start putting its policies into practice. It then called for the Party to maintain its closeness to the masses, both leading them and accepting their criticisms and supervision. In conclusion, the editorial expressed full confidence in China’s ability to accomplish “new and greater miracles” in the “new journey,” calling upon all Party members to stay true to the Party’s mission, dare to struggle, and maintain “historical self-confidence.” It reiterated the need for “united struggle,” unity around “the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core,” and the implementation of Xi’s ideology in the struggle for modernization and rejuvenation.
He Yin: Make New and Greater Contributions to the Cause of Human Progress
10.24 A He Yin (和音) commentary republished a series of Xi Jinping quotes from Xi’s 20th Party Congress Report, highlighting Xi’s statements on China’s commitments to building a community with a shared future for mankind, deepening cooperation with other countries, maintaining world peace, and promoting the construction of a “more just world order,” among other topics. The commentary focused on what the world learned about China through the 20th Party Congress, namely that Chinese development, particularly achievements of the past ten years, represents a great achievement for all mankind; to have stronger faith in China’s ability to build a modernized, socialist strong country, which will serve as a much-needed source of international stability and cooperation; and that China is staunchly committed to building a global community with a shared future and will work for global peace and development. The commentary pointed to an article on the website of the Russian Council of International Affairs which claimed that “China’s economic miracle has provided experience and an example for those countries that are still looking for their own development path.” It further declared that the international community “looks forward to the bright prospects of China’s development and progress,” and believes that China “will add stability and certainty to the turbulent world, and open up a broader space for mutually beneficial cooperation between China and other countries.”
People’s Daily Commentator: Keep in Mind the ‘Three Musts,’ Consolidate Historical Self-Confidence, and Strengthen the Historical Initiative
10.27 A People’s Daily Commentator Article discussed studying and implementing the spirit of the 20th Party Congress. The article emphasized the importance of keeping in mind the “three musts” (三个务必). This refers to Xi Jinping’s statement in the Report to the Party Congress that “all Party comrades should remain true to our original aspiration and keep the mission firmly in mind (不忘初心、牢记使命)”; that they “must be modest and prudent (谦虚谨慎), arduously struggle, dare to struggle (敢于斗争) and be adept at struggle (善于斗争); and that they must “consolidate historical self-confidence (历史自信), strengthen the historical initiative (历史主动), and write a more beautiful chapter for socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.” It stressed the importance of struggle as a historical characteristic of the Party and the key to its successes. The article stated that over the past hundred years, regardless of the “wind and rain” China has confronted, the Party has firmly advanced in the correct direction. It emphasized that the “two establishes” (两个确立) is the Party’s “most important political achievement” in the new era and has been the “decisive element” (决定性因素) in the Party and country’s “historic achievements.” It is necessary to “deeply comprehend the decisive significance of the ‘two establishes,’ strengthen the ‘four consciousnesses’ (四个意识), consolidate the ‘four confidences’ (四个自信) and achieve the ‘two defends’ (两个维护).” Moreover, it is important to “maintain a high degree of unanimity with the Party Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core in ideology, politics, and action.”
People’s Daily Commentator: Towards the New Struggle Goals, Let’s Go!
10.28 A People’s Daily Commentator Article responded to Xi Jinping’s 27 October visit to Yan’an in which he praised the “Yan’an spirit” and modern struggle. The Commentator Article reiterated Xi’s main points on what constitutes the “Yan’an spirit.” It explained that for Xi to bring the Politburo Standing Committee to Yan’an so soon after the 20th Party Congress demonstrated the new central leadership collective’s replenishment of the “red bloodline,” inheritance of the spirit of struggle, faith they would present good results to the historical record and people, as well as the strong “historic self-awareness” and sense of mission of Party members in the “new era.” The Commentator Article stressed using the Party’s “great spirit” and traditions to motivate its modern “brave advance” and struggle towards its goals, citing the Party’s traditional virtues such as prudence, self-sacrifice, loyalty, and accountability to the people. It then called upon the Party to have a “staunch and correct political orientation” in this struggle. Noting the complexity and difficulties the Party and state currently face, it stated that “it is exactly because [we have] established Comrade Xi Jinping as the core of the Central Committee and entire Party” and established the “guiding position” of his ideology that “national rejuvenation” has entered an “irreversible historic process.” The article noted that the “blueprint” for national rejuvenation through Chinese-style modernization had been introduced in the 20th Party Congress and called for “unswerving” commitment to implementing these plans and policies. After emphasizing the importance and tradition of the Party’s closeness to the people, it highlighted the importance of “self-reliance” (自力更生) and “arduous struggle” (艰苦奋斗) in the Party’s history as inspiration for the modern Party. It then discussed the importance of “self-revolution” (自我革命), calling for the Party to “dare to carry out self-revolution,” strictly govern itself, and stay true to its original character. It praised the Party’s historical “daring to struggle” and called for the Party to foster that spirit and ability in the present. In conclusion, the Commentator Article called upon readers to “unite more closely around the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core,” carry out Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism With Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, “deeply comprehend the decisive significance of the ‘two establishes’ (两个确立), strengthen the ‘four consciousnesses’ (四个意识), consolidate the ‘four confidences’ (四个自信) and achieve the ‘two defends’ (两个维护),” enrich the spirit of the Party’s founding and the Yan’an spirit, remember the “three musts” (三个务必), strengthen historical self-confidence and initiative, innovate while maintaining good traditions, and unite to struggle on the “new journey.”
Li Xi [Issues Remarks] at the First Meeting of the Standing Committee of the 20th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) and the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection-National Supervisory Commission Meeting on Sharing and Studying the Spirit of the 20th Party Congress
10.26 Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) Li Xi (李希) attended the inaugural meeting of the 20th Standing Committee of the CCDI and the CCDI-National Supervisory Commission’s meeting on the 20th Party Congress. Li emphasized that all organs should “deeply study and implement the spirit of the 20th Party Congress, fully implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, deeply comprehend the decisive significance of the ‘two establishes’ (两个确立), strengthen the ‘four consciousnesses’ (四个意识), consolidate the ‘four confidences’ (四个自信), and achieve the two defends (两个维护).” He stressed carrying out the CCDI’s responsibilities as conferred by the party constitution, never wavering from the comprehensive and strict governance of the Party, and contributing to the realization of the Party’s “historical task” on the “new journey” in the “new era.” Li stated that studying and implementing the spirit of the 20th Party Congress is at the moment and will in the future be “the entire Party’s priority political task (政治任务).” Li proceeded to state the importance of strengthening organizational leadership, advancing integrated plans, and achieving tangible results. Next, he stated that it is necessary to “deeply study and comprehend the historical task of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation” as achieved through “Chinese-style modernization” (中国式现代化). Li also stressed deeply studying and comprehending the “era’s requirement of united struggle (团结奋斗) and carrying forward the spirit of struggle (斗争精神).” Li proceeded to stress firmly defending the authority of the centralized leadership of the Central Committee, promoting and improving the Party’s self-revolution system, and persevering in the implementation of the spirit of the Central Eight Regulations (中央八项规定). He further emphasized the three-non corrupts, namely “not daring to be corrupt, being unable to engage in corruption, and not wanting to be corrupt” (不敢腐、不能腐、不想腐) in addition to “fighting and winning” the enduring “war” against corruption. Li stated the importance of having Party members and cadres “maintain a high degree of unanimity” with the Central Committee on political matters to ensure the successful implementation of the “strategic deployments” (战略部署) made at the 20th Party Congress. Lastly, Li stated the importance of the “three musts” (三个务必), promoting clean governance, and “new achievements” in anti-corruption work.
10.25 Dong Baotong (董保同) was appointed Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and the Environment and Director of the National Nuclear Safety Administration.
10.25 Qin Haixiang (秦海翔) was appointed Vice Minister of the Ministry of Housing and Rural Development.
10.25 Ling Ji (凌激) was appointed Vice Minister of the Ministry of Commerce and Deputy Representative for International Trade.
10.25 Guo Tingting (郭婷婷) was appointed Vice Minister of the Ministry of Commerce.
10.25 Xuan Changneng (宣昌能) was appointed Deputy Governor of the People’s Bank of China.
10.25 Fei Dongbin (费东斌) was appointed Director of the National Railway Administration.
10.27 Shi Taifeng (石泰峰) presided as United Front Work Department head in the department’s study meeting on the 20th Party Congress. His appointment to the position was not otherwise announced.