Weekly Report 4|99 12.3.22-12.9.22
Senior leaders and state media continued tributes to Jiang Zemin. Xi Jinping delivered a eulogy speech during Jiang’s memorial ceremony, held at the Great Hall of the People. (See Senior Leaders section)
Xi Jinping published a signed article in a Saudi Arabian newspaper upon his arrival in Saudi Arabia for a state visit. (See Senior Leaders section)
People’s Daily began a Commentator Article series on the importance of the 2012 Central Eight Regulations and anti-corruption work under Xi more generally. (See Propaganda Work section)
Xi Jinping: Eulogy at Comrade Jiang Zemin’s Memorial Gathering
12.6 Xi Jinping delivered a eulogy speech for Jiang Zemin during a memorial ceremony held at the Great Hall of the People. Xi first noted national and international mourning for Jiang and praised him as a revolutionary, statesman, military leader, diplomat, Communist fighter, leader in the work of socialism with Chinese characteristics, core of the Party’s third-generation leadership collective, and the primary creator of the “Three Represents” (三个代表)-- language used in Jiang’s official obituary. After praising Jiang’s accomplishments, Xi briefly summarized milestones in Jiang’s life, including joining the Party; working for socialist revolution, construction, and reform and opening up; joining the Central Committee; serving as Party secretary of Shanghai and contributing to its development and internationalization; joining the Politburo; and carrying out the Central Committee’s “correct strategic decision” in response to “the serious political turbulence in our country” during “the spring and summer of 1989.” He then discussed Jiang’s experience after becoming the “core” of Party leadership as General Secretary and Central Military Commission Chair in 1989, noting that Jiang became a leader at a time when China “faced a critical moment of foreign pressure and internal difficulties,” such as the “severe setback” to global socialism and sanctions against China by “some Western countries.” He praised Jiang for his persistence in economic development, reform, rectifying governance, ideological work, anti-corruption, mass work, diplomacy, national security and stability, and other key issues, thereby “stabilizing the overall situation for reform and development.”
Xi then praised Jiang’s ideas and accomplishments as paramount leader at length, such as his adherence to the Party’s “basic path,” success in grasping opportunity, establishment of the fundamentals of a socialist market economy, “farsighted strategic thinking” on the establishment of a “moderately prosperous society” (小康社会), emphasis on development’s importance in governance, opposition to Taiwan’s independence, leadership of China’s entry into the World Trade Organization, ideals on party governance, and so on. He also highlighted Jiang’s contributions to military strategy and development, his impact on the Party’s ideological development, his response to crises such as the Asian Financial Crisis and 1998 flooding, his decision to step down from central leadership out of strategic considerations for the Party’s future, and his continued contributions to the Party after leaving office. After praising Jiang’s character and record of service to the Party, people, and country, Xi called upon all of China on behalf of the Central Committee to continue Jiang’s legacy and follow his example through practical action. To this end, he offered the following lessons based on Jiang’s leadership: 1. Maintain the central importance of Marxism, as reflected in the Party’s theoretical developments such as Jiang’s “Three Represents”; 2. Uphold the Party’s leadership in all things; 3. Persist in the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, including on the “new voyage” of “using Chinese-style modernization to promote the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation”; 4. Have faith in the people and serve their basic interests; 5. Understand the importance of reform and opening and continue to pursue it and other economic modernizations; 6. Understand the importance of the world for China’s development and vice versa; and 7. Persist in struggle and maintain resolve amid difficulties and challenges.
Xi Jinping Presides Over Politburo Meeting
12.7 Xi Jinping presided over a Politburo meeting to analyze and study economic work in 2023; listen to a work report from the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI); and study and deploy disciplinary and anti-corruption work in 2023. The meeting held that this year was an “extremely important year in the history of the Party and the country.” Facing the “turbulent international environment and the arduous task of domestic reform, development, and stability,” the article noted that the Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core led the whole party and people of all ethnic groups across China to increase macroeconomic adjustments; steadily improve the quality of development; yield fruitful scientific and technological results; comprehensively deepen reform and opening up; basically stabilize employment and commodity prices; achieve effective guarantees of food security, resource security, and the people’s livelihoods; and maintain overall socioeconomic stability. The meeting further highlighted the successful hosting of the Beijing Winter Olympics and Winter Paralympics, as well as the convening 20th Party Congress, which was a “solid step in the new journey of comprehensively building a modern socialist country.” The meeting emphasized over the course of next year taking Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics as a guide; fully implementing the spirit of the 20th Party Congress; firmly promoting Chinese-style modernization (中国式现代化); adhering to the general tone of seeking progress while maintaining stability (稳中求进); “fully, accurately, and comprehensively implementing the new development concept (新发展理念)”; accelerating the construction of a new development pattern (新发展格局); focusing on promoting high-quality development (高质量发展); better coordinating pandemic prevention and control with socioeconomic development; vigorously boosting market confidence; implementing the strategy of combining the expansion of domestic demand with the deepening of supply-side structural reforms; and laying a solid foundation for the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country. The meeting called for continuing to implement a proactive fiscal policy and a prudent monetary policy; focusing on self-reliance and self-improvement in technology policies; earnestly implementing the “two unswervings” (两个毫不动摇); promoting high-level opening up to the outside world and making greater efforts to attract and utilize foreign capital; effectively preventing and defusing major economic and financial risks; holding the bottom line of preventing “systemic risks” (系统性风险); and persevering in anti-corruption work. It called for solving the problem of “seven those” (七个有之: those who engage in cronyism and reject outsiders; those who form cliques; those who fabricate anonymous false accusations and rumors; those who buy people’s hearts and votes; those who promise positions and favors to buy people’s allegiance and congratulate each other in anticipation of lucrative jobs; those who engage in self-righteousness and feign compliance; and those who engage in recalcitrant behavior and render leadership ineffectual (尾大不掉) and make false comments about the central government). The meeting further stressed putting discipline construction in a more prominent position and implementing strict requirements in party rule formation, discipline education, and discipline enforcement supervision, so that iron discipline can “grow teeth” (长牙) to show off its power and let cadres “wake up and know how to stop.” Lastly, the meeting agreed to hold the second plenum of the 20th CCDI from 9 to 11 January, 2023.
Xi Jinping Delivers Speech at Communist Party Central Committee Symposium on Economic Work for Non-Party Figures
12.7 On 2 December, Xi Jinping delivered an important speech to non-Party members about economic work and implementing the spirit of the 20th Party Congress. Xi emphasized that in economic work it is necessary to adhere to “seeking progress while maintaining stability” (稳中求进) and “fully implement the new development concept.” Xi stated the importance of better coordinating pandemic prevention and control with economic and social development, continuing to implement prudent fiscal and monetary policy, bolstering market confidence (市场信心), and “organically integrating” the strategy of expanding domestic demand with supply-side reforms. Xi emphasized that in recent years the country has confronted a turbulent international environment and the “arduous tasks of domestic reform, development, and stability.” He asserted that under the unified leadership of the Central Committee, the entire Party and Chinese people have successfully overcome difficulties, comprehensively carried out pandemic prevention and control, and ensured economic stability, development, and security. Xi emphasized that the past five years have been “very unusual,” noting many “tests” such as the pandemic and domestic economic downturn. He asserted that in the context of “challenges” from “certain countries promoting economic and technological ‘decoupling,’” China has managed to maintain “basic stability in the industrial supply chain.” Moreover, he stated that China’s annual growth rate this year is above five percent, which is “higher than the global average.” Xi noted that the ten years of the new era was a time in which the country’s economic and social development consolidated “historical achievements” and shifted towards “high-quality development.” Xi asserted that China is now the world’s foremost contributor to global economic growth and that the “development of the country’s strategic emerging industries (战略性新兴产业) is becoming more robust.” Xi stated that joint construction of the Belt and Road (一带一路) is deepening and that there has been significant progress in “constructing a innovative country.” Xi touted successes such as resolving the historical problem of “absolute poverty” (绝对贫困), constructing a moderately prosperous society (小康社会) as scheduled, realizing the first centenary goal, and putting the country on a “new journey” towards comprehensively constructing a modern socialist country.
Xi proceeded to express his thanks to the various central committees of democratic parties, the All-China Federation for Industry and Commerce, and non-Party members for contributing to Party governance such as by promoting “common prosperity” (共同富裕). Xi proposed three hopes he has for them. First, Xi emphasized that they should “deeply study and implement the spirit of the 20th [Communist] Party Congress, maintain a high degree of consensus with the Party Central Committee, and remain true to our original aspiration of cooperation, carrying on fine traditions.” Second, Xi stressed “uniting thoughts and actions with the Party Central Committee’s economic work and decision-making and deployments for next year.” He further emphasized “deeply investigating and researching important issues and proposing opinions and suggestions that carry weight.” Such issues include how to do a good job of pandemic prevention and control in a scientifically precise manner, how to “effectively expand domestic demand,” and how to “realize a higher level of technological self-sufficiency.” Third, Xi emphasized taking recent leadership changes as an “opportunity to do a good job with political transitions (政治交接),” stated the importance of “smooth personnel turnover,” and stressed further consolidating a lasting “common ideological, political and organizational foundation for multi-party cooperation.”
Xi Jinping: Continue a Millenia-old Friendship and Jointly Forge a Better Future
12.8 Xi Jinping published a signed article in a Saudi Arabian newspaper called Al Riyadh titled “Continue a Millenia-old Friendship and Jointly Forge a Better Future” upon his arrival in Saudi Arabia for a state visit. Xi began by expounding on the long history of relations between China and Arab countries stating that “exchanges can be traced back to 2000 years ago.” Xi stated that since “ancient times China and Saudi Arabia have [engaged in] mutual respect and friendly exchanges.” He emphasized that the “Arab world is an important member of developing countries and an important force for maintaining international fairness and justice” and that it “opposes external interference and does not fear power and hegemony.” Xi stated that in the past ten years China-Arab relations have consolidated a series of “breakthrough achievements” noting that 12 Arab countries have established comprehensive strategic partnerships or strategic partnerships with China. Furthermore, 20 Arab countries have signed Belt and Road (一带一路) cooperation documents, 17 Arab countries have announced their support for the Global Development Initiative (GDI, 全球发展倡议), 15 Arab countries have become members of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), and 14 Arab countries have acceded to the China-League of Arab States Cooperation Initiative on Data Security (中阿数据安全合作倡议). Xi stressed that “Arab countries firmly support the one-China principle (一个中国原则) and support China protecting its core interests (核心利益).” He emphasized that China “supports Arab countries protecting their sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity” and has “never been absent from and always firmly supported Arab countries on the Palestine issue.” Xi proceeded to extoll further “landmarks of China-Arab friendship” such as various joint infrastructure construction projects throughout the region, efficient cooperation in vaccine research and utilization, and the framework of the China-Arab Cooperation Forum (中阿合作论坛). Xi stressed that as the world goes through “great changes unseen in a century” China and Arab countries are on the verge of realizing “national rejuvenation.” Under this “new situation,” Xi stated that China and Arab countries should “join hands to build a China-Arab community of shared future (中阿命运共同体).”
Next, Xi discussed the importance of establishing a strategic partnership with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Xi noted that GCC countries possess 30 and 20 percent of the world’s oil and natural gas reserves respectively, and that they comprise “fertile land (沃土) for the development of high-tech industries.” Xi stated that relations between GCC countries and China have developed in a “healthy and stable” manner, noting rising trade volume and increased cooperation in high-tech, energy, aerospace, and digital economy domains. Going forward, Xi stated that China will work with GCC countries to create a “new pattern for energy cooperation” and “accelerate the promotion of new developments in financial and investment cooperation.” Xi proceeded to praise the leadership of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, stating that Saudi Arabia’s “position in world governance, economics, energy, and other areas is continuously increasing.” Xi stated that “we feel pride for the achievements of our good friend.” Xi then praised several bilateral cooperation initiatives, lauded people-to-people and cultural exchanges, and stated that China would use this trip to strengthen its “comprehensive strategic partnership with Saudi Arabia.” He stated that they would “strengthen joint construction of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and connect it with Saudi Arabia’s “Vision 2030” (“2030愿景”) in addition to bolstering cooperation in multilateral forums such as the UN, G20, and Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).
People’s Daily Editorial: Remembering His Deeds, Carrying on His Legacy, Uniting in Struggle
12.6 People’s Daily published an editorial (社论) commemorating the recent death of former paramount leader Jiang Zemin. After praising Jiang and expressing sorrow for his loss in the same language of his official obituary and Xi’s eulogy, it described his accomplishments at length. Noting the international and domestic “political storms” at the time he took office, the editorial praised Jiang’s leadership of the Party and nation, highlighting his persistence in upholding the Party’s theories and main line, leadership of major economic reforms and development, response to various crises, Marxist political leadership skills, key contributions to military policy and strategy, and post-retirement work for the Party. The editorial then praised Jiang’s contributions to theory, particularly the “Three Represents,” which it said showed the Party’s ability to “keep pace with the times in ideological guidance” and the “great political and theoretical courage of a true Marxist.” It stated that the Three Represents accord with the laws of human development, meet the advanced requirements of development trends and Chinese society, reflect the people’s interests and wishes, raise the Party’s governing abilities, cement the Party’s governing status, and complete the basis of the Party’s governing mission. The editorial then praised Jiang’s character, specifically highlighting his apt judgment and theoretical creativity, his staunch ideals and loyalty to the Party and people, his courage to decisively respond to challenges, the practical basis of his analysis and policies, and his regard for the masses. It stated that in the “new era,” the Party has continued Jiang’s struggle by achieving moderate prosperity and working to “comprehensively build a modern socialist country.”
The editorial noted that the 20th Party Congress had set the Party and state’s current and future goals. It then listed directives for the Party’s future, which included uniting around “the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core,” conforming to key ideological concepts like the “two establishes” (两个确立), adhering to Marxist theory and past and current paramount leaders’ signature ideologies, persisting in the Party’s leadership, working towards the second centenary goal, serving the people, maintaining closeness with the masses, and studying the “Three Represents” and Jiang’s theoretical and practical leadership. In conclusion, the editorial called for all China’s people to “hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics,” implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, enrich the “great spirit of the Party’s founding,” and unite to struggle for socialist modernization and national rejuvenation.
Zhong Yin Commentaries on COVID Policy
People’s Daily continued to publish its series of Zhong Yin (仲音) commentaries on newly “optimized” COVID policy.
3 December’s commentary, titled “Practically Fulfill the Basic Living Needs of the Masses During the Period of Pandemic Management,” stressed the need to ensure the masses’ basic needs are met while dealing with the pandemic. It stated that localities and ministries should carry out the “four earlies” (四早), conduct risk assessment, carry out “quick lockdown, quick opening” (快封快解), and minimize inconveniences to the masses. It stressed improving services for people in lockdowns and quarantines, those who test positive, the elderly, children, those with underlying conditions, and other vulnerable groups. It stressed that this would ensure greater popular understanding, support, and confidence, thereby improving effectiveness of pandemic control measures. It stated that coordinating epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development requires continuing to work to ensure and improve people’s livelihoods while doing more to consolidate the foundation of economic recovery and development. It then praised recent ministry-level and local policies and initiatives related to this goal, calling for strong-but-compassionate policies and support for businesses in order to win a “double victory” both against the pandemic and for development.
4 December’s commentary, “Do Vaccination Work Well for Key Demographics,” discussed the work that localities all over China have been doing recently to expand their efforts to vaccinate people over the age of 60. It noted that there are several populations that are especially vulnerable to acute coronavirus-induced illness, listing three: 1. The elderly, with those over 60 being at risk for acute illness and those over 80 having the highest risk; 2. Patients with underlying conditions, who have a higher risk of acute illness following infection; and 3. The unvaccinated, since vaccines can lower the risk of acute illness or death. In order to “put the people above all else and life above all else” and prevent the spread of the pandemic, the commentary called for “strengthening key institutions, protecting key demographics, and strengthening vaccine-induced immunity for the entire population and especially the elderly.” It asserted that vaccination is “the most effective method for reducing acute illness and death among the population in a situation where the epidemic is spreading widely” and “the key variable in determining whether a society can withstand the impact of the epidemic.” It noted that since a “considerable share of the elderly have not yet completed the entire course of vaccination and strengthened their vaccine-induced immunity,” “increasing the rate of elderly people completing the entire course of vaccination and booster shot vaccination is extremely necessary and absolutely urgent (非常必要也十分迫切).” It noted the recent publication of an action plan for increasing vaccination rates among the elderly by the State Council Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism against COVID-19 and called on all localities and government bodies to implement it. It asserted that “optimizing vaccination services and refining all measures” was “key” to their work on inoculating key demographics and called for “extending all previously effective measures for people’s convenience.”
9 December’s commentary, “Optimize Pandemic Prevention and Control Measures According to the Time and Situation,” emphasized implementing the ten measures included in the “Notice on Further Optimizing the Implementation of Pandemic Coronavirus Pandemic Prevention and Control Measures” (关于进一步优化落实新冠肺炎疫情防控措施的通知) issued by the State Council’s Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism. The commentary stressed “scientifically and accurately isolating risk areas,” further optimizing nucleic acid detection, optimizing and adjusting isolation methods, and implementing “quick lockdown, quick opening” (快封快解) in high-risk areas, and accelerating the vaccination of the elderly in order to protect the lives and health of the people to the greatest extent while minimizing the impact of the pandemic on the lives of the masses and socioeconomic development. It noted that under the leadership of the Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core, major positive results have been achieved in coordinating pandemic prevention and control with socioeconomic development. It noted past revisions and scientifically precise “optimization measures.” The commentary declared that “practice has fully proven that the guidelines and policies for epidemic prevention and control determined by the Central Committee are correct, scientific, and effective,” and is an “inevitable choice” to ensure the health and safety of the people and socioeconomic development. It noted that after three years of fighting the pandemic, China’s medical, healthcare, and disease control systems have withstood the test, and the “complete vaccination rate of the whole population exceeds 90%.” The commentary stated that “the pathogenicity of the Omicron variant is weakening,” creating conditions for “further optimization and improvement of prevention and control measures.” It called for all localities to promote the implementation of these measures in a comprehensive and integrated manner, “further improve the scientific precision of pandemic prevention and control,” use prevention and control resources more efficiently, and ensure that the various measures are fully implemented. Lastly, it called for implementing the “four responsibilities” (四方责任); aiding grassroots professional prevention and control forces; strengthening differentiated diagnosis and treatment in community medical and health institutions; strengthening immunization of the entire population, especially the elderly; speeding up the preparation of treatment drugs and medical resources; minimizing the impact of the pandemic on socioeconomic development; and helping people with severe infections who need treatment in a timely manner, so that limited medical resources can play a key role and work can be done more accurately and effectively.
People’s Daily Commentator Article Series: A Clean and Upright Coalescence of the Party and People’s Wills
People’s Daily began a Commentator Article series on the importance of the 2012 Central Eight Regulations (八项规定, hereafter “regulations”).
8 December's commentary, “Iron Rules and a Strong Framework With Long-Term Effectiveness,” discussed the past ten years of the regulations’ implementation. It stated that the regulations had “ruthlessly curbed unhealthy trends” such as wastefulness, extravagance, and misuse of public funds, saying such trends had gone unresolved for a long time. It said that with the regulations, officials’ misbehavior had decreased, positive and honest behavior had increased, and cadres placed a greater emphasis on serving the people. It then noted the popularity of the regulations, saying that anti-corruption efforts had helped resolve issues in fields like anti-poverty, healthcare, education, environmental protection, and food and drug safety, thereby improving the people’s image of the Party to an “unprecedented” extent. The Commentator Article then praised Xi as leading by example, citing examples of his humility and sense of responsibility, such as his modest and caring behavior on inspection tours and his travel to Wuhan to direct pandemic prevention and control efforts at a “critical juncture.” It stressed the importance of a good “work style,” saying the issue concerns the foundation of the Party’s governance, and noted that the regulations were only one part of a process to construct a good work style, which will continue into the future. It then emphasized the importance of improving “comprehensive and strict party governance” (全面从严治党) and consolidating successes of the anti-corruption campaign, such as by improving the Party’s internal system of rules, opposing a mentality of special privileges, and strengthening the Party’s self-improvement abilities. It then discussed the strategic priority of the regulations and party governance more generally, the importance of continued implementation of the regulations, the regulations’ prominent role in anti-corruption efforts, and the regulations’ benefits for the Party’s overall health.
9 December’s commentary, “Foster the Flesh-and-Blood Ties Between the Party and the Masses,” emphasized the importance of a good party work style to preserving the Party’s relationship with the people. It stated that in the 21st century, the Party faced the risk of becoming divorced from the masses, an issue which became widespread, caused serious problems, and was manifested in the “four winds” (四风) of “formalism, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance.” It stressed that the Party’s work style determines its image, influencing its critical base of popular support. It then praised the 18th Politburo and the “Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core” for taking rapid action and prioritizing the issue with the introduction and implementation of the Central Eight Regulations. The Commentator Article again praised Xi Jinping’s leadership on the issue, describing his behavior on inspection tours as a prime example of adherence to the regulations. It then claimed the regulations have had a transformative effect on the Party-state and won popular support, highlighted the Party’s responsiveness and closeness to the masses throughout the “new era,” and noted the importance of closeness to the masses for the Party’s work style and successful policy implementation. The Commentator Article stressed the importance of closeness to the people regardless of the circumstances facing the Party. It then stated that there is no end to the task of constructing work style, noting Politburo instructions from October of this year on the proper implementation of the Central Eight Regulations, and called for continued construction of a good work style and correction of related problems like the “four winds.”
United Front Work
A Congratulatory Message from the Chinese Communist Party’s Central Committee to the Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang During its 14th National Congress
12.9 Politburo Standing Committee member Cai Qi (蔡奇) delivered a congratulatory message from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CCP) to the 14th National Congress of the Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang (国民党革命委员, RCCK). Cai emphasized that under the leadership of the Party Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core, the Communist Party and country have consolidated “important achievements” that have “attracted worldwide attention” (举世瞩目). Cai stated that united front work (统一战线) and multi-party cooperation (多党合作) have also flourished. Next, Cai praised the RCCK for adhering to the “ideological guidance” of “Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics” and for assisting the CCP in achieving various tasks. Cai expressed his hope that the RCCK would “deeply study and implement the spirit of the 20th Party Congress and the Central Conference on United Front Work,” deeply comprehend the decisive significance of the “two establishes” (两个确立), strengthen the “four consciousnesses'' (四个意识), consolidate the “four confidences” (四个自信), and achieve the “two defends” (两个维护). He also emphasized “constructing a strong, modern socialist country, realizing the second centenary goal,” and using Chinese-style modernization (中国式现代化) to contribute more wisdom and force to the national rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Cai proceeded to stress that “resolving the Taiwan issue and realizing the complete unification of the motherland” is an unshirkable “historical task” (历史任务) for the Party and is the “common aspiration of all of China’s sons and daughters.” Furthermore, it is a “necessary requirement (必然要求) for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.” He stated that “we must persist in implementing the Party’s overall strategy for resolving the Taiwan issue in the new era” and deepen the “integrated development” (融合发展) of various cross-strait areas. Ultimately, Cai wished the RCCK’s Congress great success.
12.6 Wu Chaohui (吴朝晖) was appointed Vice Minister of Science and Technology.
12.6 Liu Zheng (柳拯) was appointed Vice Minister of Civil Affairs.
12.6 Fu Xuyin (付绪银) was appointed Vice Minister of Transport.
12.6 Wang Benqiang (王本强) was appointed Deputy Auditor General of the National Audit Office.
11.17-12.1 CCP International Department (CCP/ID) Deputy Head Qian Hongshan (钱洪山) attended the 11th Conference of Asian Political Parties and the 26th Congress of Socialist International (SI). He visited Turkey, Lebanon, Spain, and Serbia at the invitation of Turkey’s Justice and Development (AK) Party, the Lebanese Communist Party, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, and the Serbian Progressive Party. Qian met with Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez and President of Serbia Aleksandar Vučić.
12.8 CCP/ID Deputy Head Guo Yezhou (郭业洲) attended and delivered a speech at an event organized by the International Liaison Department of the CCP on the “Significance of the 20th Party Congress to China-UK Relations and the World.” Representatives from the UK Treasury, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Development, Ministry of International Trade, among others, attended the event.
12.9 CCP/ID Head Liu Jianchao (刘建超) held separate meetings with Venezuela’s Ambassador to the PRC, Giuseppe Yoffreda, and the Malaysia’s Ambassador to the PRC, Nushirwan Zainal Abidin.