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Weekly Report 5|5 1.28.23-2.3.23


Highlights


Xi Jinping addressed the second collective study session of the Politburo on accelerating the construction of a “new development pattern.” (See Senior Leaders section)


People’s Daily published an ongoing series of Zhong Sheng (钟声) commentaries that criticized efforts at “decoupling” between the US and China. (See Propaganda Work section)


People’s Daily continued to publish its series of Zhong Yin (仲音) commentaries on “optimized” COVID policy. (See Propaganda Work section)

 

Senior Leaders

Xi Jinping: Comprehensively and Strictly Govern the Party; Relying on Self-Revolution, Explore a Successful Route to Break Historical Cycles


1.31 Qiushi published an excerpt of a speech Xi Jinping delivered on 18 January, 2022 to the 6th Plenum of the 19th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI). Xi noted that in the ten years since the 18th Party Congress, the Central Committee had carried out the “four comprehensives” (四个全面) of comprehensive and strict party governance (全面从严治党), promoted a clean and honest party work style and the anti-corruption struggle, resolved some long-standing problems, and achieved a “fundamental shift” in party governance. He stated that these efforts had resulted in the Party’s current unity, strength, closeness to the masses, and winning of the “historical initiative,” stressing that strict party governance must continue. Xi noted that he has frequently spoken about the issue of “breaking out of historical cycles” (跳出历史周期率), a major issue concerning the Party and Chinese socialist system’s fate. He then explained that in Yan’an, Mao Zedong had found the first answer of how to break historical cycles: “let the people supervise the government.” Xi said the Party has now found the second answer: “self-revolution” (自我革命). He emphasized the importance of self-revolution as a metaphorical cure and preventative for the “virus” of corruption. He also emphasized the significance of both self-revolution and public supervision to the Party’s founding mission and long-term survival in power. He stressed that representing the basic interests of the broadest number of people is necessary for the spirit of self-revolution, fighting any risks to the Party, defeating all factional interests and corrupt circles within the Party, and winning public support and cooperation. He then issued a series of directives. First, “persist in leading with the Party’s political construction and maintain the basic political direction for self-revolution.” This includes upholding the Central Committee’s authority as the highest political principle; increasing the strictness of political rules, supervision, and inspection; and cleansing the Party of “two-faced” people and factions who are “secretly disloyal” (阳奉阴违) to the Central Committee. Second, “persist in making ideological construction the Party’s foundational construction and temper a sharp ideological weapon of self-revolution,” through education and belief in party ideals. Third, “implement the spirit of Central Eight Regulations (中央八项规定)” and use strict party discipline to address issues with work style (作风). Fourth, continue to harshly punish corruption and carry out a “difficult, protracted war” of self-revolution. Xi stated that corruption is “the issue that could most easily topple a regime” and that anti-corruption is “the most thorough self-revolution.” He called for continuing a “no-limits, all-encompassing, zero-tolerance” anti-corruption campaign. Fifth, strengthen the Party’s organizational abilities, political abilities, and cohesion, creating a corps of cadres who “dare to and are good at” struggle and self-revolution. Sixth, build a standardized system for the Party’s “self-purification, self-improvement, self-innovation, and self-advancement” so as to guarantee the progress of self-revolution.

Xi then stressed nine further principles to persist with : 1. The Central Committee’s centralized and unified leadership; 2. “The Party taking charge of the Party” (党要管党), comprehensive and strict party governance, and using self-revolution to lead society’s revolution; 3. The importance of the Party’s “political construction” and political unanimity with the Central Committee; 4. Strictness of discipline and more “political, up-to-date, and targeted discipline construction”; 5. Using the “the Spirit of Driving Nails” (钉钉子精神, ie. ongoing effort) to strengthen construction of a good Party work style, which will in turn drive improved “social and public styles” (社风民风); 6. Using a “zero-tolerance attitude” to punish corruption and “unswervingly walk the road of anti-corruption with Chinese characteristics”; 7. Correcting all corruption and “unhealthy winds” harmful to the masses’ interests, making the masses “feel there is fairness and justice at hand”; 8. Controlling the “key minority” and firming up the political responsibility of strict party governance; and 9. Improving the Party and state’s inspection and supervision system by making it more all-encompassing, regularized, and effective over time.

Xi Jinping: Accelerate Construction of a New Development Pattern, Strengthen the Initiative for Security of Development


1.31 Xi Jinping addressed the second collective study session of the Politburo on the subject of constructing a “new development pattern” (新发展格局). Xi stated that doing so is an important “strategic decision” for achieving the second centenary goals, coordinating development and security, and seizing the initiative of future development. Moreover, he said that doing so is necessary for steadying China’s foundation of development, making development more secure and stable, ensuring China can retain its economic vitality, competitiveness, and sustainability amid unexpected challenges, and ensuring the progress of national rejuvenation and construction of a “modern, socialist, strong country.” Xi stated that in recent years, there has been increased ideological cohesion, a more solid foundation of work, and an improved policy system for the new development pattern, but its full construction remains a distant goal. He stressed maintaining a “problem-oriented, systemic” mindset, working to break through the “primary contradictions and issues” associated with the new development pattern, reform, practical innovation, systemic innovation, and grasping advantages while addressing shortcomings and weak spots. He then discussed specific aspects of the new development pattern, such as expanding domestic demand while deepening supply-side structural reforms; expanding consumption demand as supported by incomes, investment demand with reasonable returns, and financial demands with limited capital and debt; improving systems for expanding and stabilizing consumption; expanding investment (particularly in high-tech and other strategically important emerging fields); and continuing supply-side reforms, promoting innovation, and strengthening domestic, self-sufficient industrial and supply chains. Xi emphasized increasing technological self sufficiency and resolving the issue of a “foreign ‘chokehold’ (卡脖子)” on science and technology by improving national strategy on science and technology. This includes optimizing resource usage, making China a global center for cutting edge technologies, developing education and talent, creating plans to support all types of innovation, and integrating the innovation, industrial, and talent “chains.” He also discussed industrial policy, stating that the new development pattern will rely on modernized industry and that economic circulation requires orderly industrial chains and logistics. He emphasized the practical application of the new development concept to the industrial system, including increasing both quality manufacturing and digital development, upgrading traditional industries, making industrial development more sustainable and competitive, supporting industries’ international cooperation and the integration of foreign and domestic industry, and creating an autonomous, secure, and competitive modernized industrial system. Xi then discussed urban-rural and regional disparities, highlighting the market function of rural areas, rural revitalization and urbanization, urban-rural integrated development and economic integration, development of a unified national market, and the “optimization of the layout of productive forces.” Finally, Xi discussed deepening reform and opening and strengthening the energy of domestic and international economic circulation. He called for increased market reforms; creation of a high-quality and unified market; improvements to the basic systems of property rights protection, market entry, fair competition, and social credit (社会信用); greater opposition to monopolies and “unfair competition”; standardizing and guiding the “healthy development of capital” according to law; improving conditions for all companies’ investment, innovation, and operation; advancing high levels of international openness; strengthening China’s voice (话语权) in international economic circulation; “high quality development” of the Belt and Road Initiative (一带一路); participation in international trade rule discussions; and support for an “open, diverse, and stable global” economic order. Li Keqiang Meets with President of the 77th UN General Assembly Csaba Kőrösi


2.3 State Council Premier Li Keqiang (李克强) met with the 77th President of the UN General Assembly Csaba Kőrösi in Beijing. Li emphasized that China is willing to work with all parties to “protect the UN Charter and principles, international law, and the basic norms of international relations.” He stressed “upholding economic globalization, the correct direction of multipolarization (世界多极化), and maintaining world peace and stability.” Furthermore, he stated that as a founding member of the UN and as a permanent member of the UN Security Council it would “actively support and participate in all aspects of UN work.” Li proceeded to state the importance of “strengthening sustainable development, confronting climate change, water resources, United Nations reform,” and cooperation and coordination in other areas. Li stated that China is currently a “defender and participant of the existing international order” and is a “beneficiary and promoter of global opening.” He emphasized that “regardless of how the international situation changes” China will not waver from a peaceful development path and will continue to adhere to the “basic national policy of reform and opening (改革开放).” He stressed that China would continue to pursue a strategy based on mutual benefits and win-win cooperation and “provide the world new opportunities for development.”

Shi Taifeng Visits National Religious Groups in Beijing


2.3 Politburo Member and United Front Work Department Head Shi Taifeng (石泰峰) visited a number of national religious groups in Beijing, including the Chinese Buddhist Association, the Taoist Association of China, the Chinese Islamic Association, the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association, and the Bishops’ Conference of the Catholic Church in China, to understand their work situation and listen to opinions and suggestions. Shi emphasized that it is necessary to comprehensively implement the Party’s religious work theory and guiding policies, adhere to the “direction of China’s religious sinicization,” actively guide religious and socialist society, “unite the majority of religious peoples and believers to build a modern socialist country,” and make new contributions to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation (中华民族伟大复兴). Multiple religious leaders “unanimously called for” promoting the “fine traditions of religious patriotism,” leading believers to unite around the Party and government, and “unswervingly following the path of adapting to socialist society.” Shi then affirmed achievements of various religious groups in recent years, pointing out that religious groups have “made important contributions” to maintaining the unity of the motherland and national security, promoting national unity, and maintaining social stability. Lastly, Shi called for implementing the spirit of the 20th Party Congress; actively guiding religious people to practice the core values of socialism, promote Chinese culture, and promote the sinicization of religion in China; effectively preventing the “hidden dangers” in the field of religion; “resolutely resisting the use of religion overseas for infiltration activities”; maintaining the “normal order and social harmony and stability” of the religious field; adhering to comprehensive and strict education; improving the internal rules and regulations of religious groups; continuing to carry out education activities promoting respectful frugality and the cessation of extravagance; and maintaining the good image of religion in China.


 

Propaganda Work


Zhong Yin Commentaries on COVID Policy


People’s Daily continued to publish its series of Zhong Yin (仲音) commentaries on newly “optimized” COVID policy.


31 January's commentary, “Protecting the Health and Safety of the Masses”, began by noting Xi Jinping’s remarks at a Spring Festival reception. He emphasized that “we have persisted in upholding the people above all else and life above all else, and continuously optimized pandemic prevention and control policies according to changes in the disease and the situation of pandemic prevention.” The commentary stated that under the “strong leadership of the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core” the Chinese people have joined hands to confront the pandemic, noting that the country has achieved “important positive results” in coordinating pandemic prevention and control with socioeconomic development. It stated that the country has “pulled through the most difficult period” and that the experience fighting the pandemic has been ingrained in the “collective memory” (集体记忆) of the Chinese people. It said that various measures have been implemented in line with “Class B management” of the virus and that through the “joint effort of all,” the country’s overall pandemic situation has entered into a “low level of prevalence” as momentum behind the virus “steadily declines.” It noted that the achievements of medical treatment have been “obvious” as the “number of hospitalized patients has steadily decreased.” Next, it emphasized that “thanks to careful medical preparation, sufficient reserve capacities, and robust [strategic] integration and coordination, China has smoothly moved through transitions in pandemic prevention and control policy” and entered an “adaptation period” (适应期). It stressed that the optimization of pandemic prevention and control measures does not mean that they are “breathing easier” and invoked Xi Jinping’s statement that at the moment “prevention and control continues to be strenuous” but that since the “dawn is just ahead” the “final victory” will be won as long as people remain united and persevere. It further stated the importance of doing a good job in pandemic prevention and control with “key groups and populations,” coordinating various medical resources, and ensuring that the masses’ demands for medical treatment can be met. It noted that in rural areas “medical treatment conditions are comparatively weaker” and that as such the task of “pandemic prevention and control is harder and heavier.” It emphasized “tightening the string (根弦) of epidemic prevention and control in rural areas” in addition to prioritizing ideology. It proceeded to state the importance of the “five levels of Party secretaries” (五级书记) to pandemic prevention and control in rural areas and to the greatest extent possible protecting the health and normal livelihoods of rural residents.


2 February's commentary, “Three Years of Combatting the Virus, China’s Answer Sheet Withstands the Test of History,” began by noting positive economic news from the Spring Festival period. It stated that such positive economic data has demonstrated the “remarkable results of coordinating pandemic prevention and control with socioeconomic development” and confirms the “correctness of the country’s optimization of pandemic prevention and control measures.” It noted that in the past three years, China has withstood five waves of the global pandemic and effectively handled more than a hundred clusters of epidemics. Furthermore, China has “successfully avoided more pathogenic original strains” in addition to the widely prevalent Delta variant. It stated that this fully demonstrates that the Party Central Committee’s pandemic prevention and control policies are “accurate, scientific, and effective.” It proceeded to state that over the past three years under “the firm leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core” the country has won the the “battle against poverty, comprehensively constructed a moderately prosperous society (小康社会),” and achieved a good start to the 14th Five-Year Plan. It noted that in the past three years China has maintained an economic growth rate of around 4.5 percent which was “higher than the world average” and that many international organizations consider China to be the “locomotive” (火车头) of world economic growth in 2023. It stated that in the past three years, China has done its best to assist other countries in combating the pandemic and used “practical actions to promote the construction of a community of shared future for mankind (人类命运共同体).” It touted its donation of more than 2.2 billion doses of vaccines to 153 countries and 15 international organizations in addition to its dispatch of medical expert teams to more than 34 countries. It emphasized that at the most “strenuous stage” of the pandemic China has become a “rear base for the global supply of anti-epidemic goods” and thus provided a “firm guarantee” to countries fighting the pandemic. It proceeded to stress that “to unite to combat the pandemic and revive the economy, both hands must grasp and both hands must be firm.” Finally, it stated that “through hardship and extraordinary effort we have prevailed over unprecedented difficulties and challenges” and “to the greatest extent possible, protected the lives, safety, and bodily health of the people” and “minimized the impact of the pandemic on socioeconomic development.” Carry Out the Party’s Great Self-Revolution to the Fullest Extent Possible


1.31 Qiushi’s Editorial Department published an article discussing two of Xi Jinping’s speeches on “self-revolution” (自我革命) and key aspects to implement it, calling for the carrying out self-revolution to the fullest extent possible. Highlighting Xi’s speech at the 2nd Plenum of the 20th CCDI, the article stated that Xi has delivered a series of speeches and requirements to promote comprehensive and strict governance of the Party using the “four comprehensives” (四个全面) strategic layout, as well as the concept of “turning the blade inwards and scraping bones to cure poison” (刀刃向内、刮骨疗毒). This has led to the guarantee of the Party and country achieving historic accomplishments and creating historic changes. The article also highlighted Xi’s key arguments from his speech at the 6th Plenum of the 19th CCDI, in which he focused on relying on self-revolution to “break out of historical cycles” (跳出历史周期率); pointed out the “historic and pioneering achievements” of comprehensive and strict Party governance; summarized the success of self-revolution, what kind of long-term ruling Marxist party to build, and how to build an understanding of a long-term ruling Marxist party; and providing “basic compliance” for promoting party construction projects in the new era. The article emphasized the importance of upholding the “two establishes” (两个确立) in comprehensive party governance in the new era and new journey, as well as promoting Party construction to more closely unite around Xi Jinping as the core of the Party Central Committee. The article then highlighted six aspects in adhering to the political direction of self-revolution: 1. Adhere to the Party’s political construction as the lead and adhere to the fundamental political direction of self-revolution; 2. Adhere to ideological construction as the basic construction of the Party, and temper the “sharp ideological weapons” of self-revolution; 3. Resolutely implement the spirit of the Central Eight Regulations (中央八项规定), rectify the style of strict discipline, and enrich the effective ways of self-revolution; 4. Adhere to using “thundering power” (雷霆之势) to fight corruption and punish evil, and fight the “difficult, protracted war” of self-revolution; 5. Adhere to the political function and organizational cohesion of party organizations, and forge a team of cadres who “dare to and are good at” fighting and self-revolution; 6. Adhere to building a standardized system for the Party’s “self-purification, self-improvement, self-innovation, and self-advancement” so as to guarantee the progress of self-revolution.”


As for building a “new height” for understanding the laws governing the Party, the article highlighted Xi Jinping’s “nine adheres” (九个坚持): 1. Adhere to the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee; 2. Adhere to “the Party taking charge of the Party” (党要管党), comprehensive and strict party governance, and using self-revolution to lead society’s revolution; 3. Adhere to the Party’s “political construction” and political unanimity with the Central Committee; 4. Unwaveringly adhere to the main tone and uphold strictness of discipline and more “political, up-to-date, and targeted discipline construction”; 5. Adhere to using the “the Spirit of Driving Nails” (钉钉子精神, ie. ongoing effort) to strengthen construction of a good Party work style, which will in turn drive improved “social and public styles” (社风民风); 6. Adhere to punishing corruption with zero tolerance and “unswervingly walking the road of anti-corruption with Chinese characteristics (中国特色反腐败之路)”; 7. Adhere to the complete correction of all corruption and unethical styles that harm the interests of the masses, so that the masses “feel that fairness and justice is by their side”; 8. Controlling the “key minority” and firming up the political responsibility of strict party governance; and 9. Adhere to improving the party and state’s inspection and supervision system by making it more all-encompassing, regularized, and effective over time.


Zhong Sheng Commentary Series


An ongoing Zhong Sheng (钟声) series criticized decoupling efforts between the United States and China.

1 February's commentary, titled “China and the United States Must Find the Right Way To Get Along,” stated that in “recent years, the United States has never been able to give up its obsession with regarding China” as a “strategic competitor” thus causing China-US relations to enter an inescapable predicament. It stated that the US must understand that there will always be “competition in the world but that competition should be about mutual learning (相互借鉴), ‘you chase, I rush’ (你追我赶), and common progress” and not be characterized by a “you win, I lose” (你输我赢) or “you die, I live” (你死我活) mentality. It said that mutual respect is the “basic prerequisite for returning bilateral ties to the correct path,” emphasizing that “China respects the social system of the United States, has never bet against America, and hopes that the US can continue openness and confidence.” At the same time, the US should “respect China’s development path.” It stated the importance of not trying to “attempt to change or even overthrow the other country’s system.” Next, it stressed that “some people in the US cannot let go of Cold War thinking (冷战思维)” and that these people “regard China as an imaginary enemy” after witnessing its development. It emphasized that this is a “major barrier in China-US peaceful coexistence (和平共处)” and that the US must quickly “eliminate” such a mentality. Next, it stated that “abiding by basic rules in international relations and the China-US Three Joint Communiques” is the “most important protection and safety net for China-US relations.” It emphasized that when China and the US confront each other, “regardless of whether it is a cold war, hot war, trade war, or technological war, what is harmed in the end is the interests of both China and the US and each country of the world.” It proceeded to stress that the “Taiwan issue is the core of China’s core interests (核心利益) and is the “number one uncrossable red line” in bilateral relations. It stated that the US should use “practical actions to implement” its supposed commitments to “‘not seeking a ‘new Cold War,’ not seeking to oppose China by strengthening alliances, not supporting ‘Taiwan independence’ (台湾独立), not supporting ‘Two Chinas’ (‘两个中国’) or ‘One China, One Taiwan’ (‘一中一台’), and having no intention to engage in confrontation with China.” It proceeded to state that “China and the US have broad common interests and that there are many areas in which there can be cooperation.” It asserted that according to China customs data, total import-export volume between the two countries reached a “historic high” in 2022. It said this fully demonstrated that even though “some people in the United States intentionally engage in ‘decoupling and chain breaks’ (脱钩断链) against China” the “choice of the Chinese and American peoples is cooperation.” It stated that the US should “have its deeds match its words” (言行一致) and “stop politicizing and weaponizing economic, trade, and technology issues.”


2 February's commentary, “Decoupling and Chain Breaks Will Not Work, Deepening Cooperation is the Exit Path,” stated that in recent years the US has become “obsessed with delaying and disrupting China’s development process through ‘decoupling and chain breaks’ (脱钩断链).” It stated that on “economics and trade, the US side has imposed tariffs (加征关税)” that have remained in place. Furthermore, the US has not only “restricted investment from Chinese enterprises” for “political purposes” but has also “continuously encouraged US enterprises to restrict their investment in China.” It stated that on technology the US has continued to “politically suppress high-tech Chinese enterprises” and “abuse export controls (出口管制) to encourage, lure, and pull in some countries to form small circles to contain China.” It stated that such practices “seriously damage market principles and international trade procedures” and “threatens the stability of the global industrial supply chain.” It emphasized that decoupling with China is not “practical,” stating that “China-US economic and trade cooperation” constitutes “win-win relations” (共赢关系) based on “comparative advantages” (比较优势) and a “deep integration of mutual interests.” It noted that in the past two years trade between China and the US has reached new highs and quoted a Bloomberg article that stated “although there has been pervasive rhetoric about decoupling between China and the US it is not the case in reality.” It stated that China’s “supporting industries are complete,” that “basic infrastructure is good,” and that China’s market remains attractive. It cited the US Chamber of Commerce in stating that China is still the “priority market” (首选市场) for American businesses. Next, it stated that “forced decoupling (强行脱钩) will only do more harm than good (得不偿失).” It stated that the US “clings to zero-sum thinking,” has “insisted on provoking a trade war,” and has “built fences and barriers” (筑墙设垒). It proceeded to cite studies that the costs of the “trade war (贸易战) unilaterally provoked by the US” is largely borne by American businesses and consumers. It again cited the US Chamber of Commerce in stating that “decoupling with China” would “seriously threaten American interests in trade, investment, service, and industry.” It alleged that decoupling could result in more than USD $500 billion in losses to American GDP and that a US semiconductor company had stated that the “new round of export controls against China” would result in billions in losses. It asserted that the US has “strongly pushed for decoupling and chain breaks against China” even if it entails “paying a heavy price” on part of itself and its allies. It criticized the US’ approach as “contradictory to the laws of economics” and as “an irrational, unsustainable choice.” It stated that despite “containment and suppression” by the US, China has “continuously maintained its number one position as the world’s largest trader of goods.” It stated that engaging in decoupling would not change the “reality of economic globalization” and “will only hand over opportunities for cooperation with China to other countries.” It emphasized that decoupling would not “block improvement in China’s innovation indicators (创新指标)” and would also not “block the process of China’s high-quality economic development.”


3 February's commentary, “There is No Future for Bloc Confrontation, Mutual Win-Win [Cooperation] is the People’s Desire,” emphasized that “more and more countries have recognized that it is not feasible to follow the United States in blindly opposing China.” It stated the importance of “maintaining distance from the China policy of the US and strengthening strategic autonomy (战略自主) according to self-interests.” It stated that the US has designated China as its “most major geopolitical threat” and accused American politicians of “exaggerating the ‘China threat’ (中国威胁) everywhere.” It emphasized that the US has driven a wedge between China and “relevant countries” and used “carrots and sticks” (胡萝卜加大棒) to pull in and even “coerce” other countries onto its side. It criticized the United States for its “democracy versus authoritarianism” narrative and for trying to “strengthen and expand its military bloc (军事集团).” Next, it stated that the US likes to talk about “alliances, values, and international rules” when at heart it is thinking about “American interests, America first (美国优先), and American hegemony (美国霸权).” It stated that the US has stolen “billions of dollars worth of submarine orders from France,” passed the Inflation Reduction Act which “protects and expands” American manufacturing but “hollows out European manufacturing,” and regardless of the circumstances has forced other countries to engage in “decoupling and chain breaks” (脱钩断链) with China. It stressed that the US regards its allies as “pawns” (棋子). It proceeded to emphasize that “engaging in protectionism and unilateralism will not protect anybody and will only result in harming oneself.” It noted that China is “deeply integrated” with the world economy and that more than 140 countries and regions regard it as their main trading partner. Therefore, “isolating China and restricting cooperation with China” does not fit with the interests of any side and will never come into fruition. It stressed that the “containment” of China has “no market in the international community.” Next, it emphasized that many countries have realized that following the US in provoking a “new Cold War” is not in their interests. It proceeded to cite statements by French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz that called for avoiding confrontation and opposing decoupling, respectively. It quoted President of the European Council Charles Michel’s statement that China “does not engage in expansionism” and is an “important partner.” It emphasized comments by General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam Nguyen Phu Trong stating that Vietnam would “not allow any country to establish a military base in-country, would not participate in any military alliances, and would not use force against any other country.” It proceeded to note that the leaders of the Philippines and Thailand have said that they would not “pick sides” between China and the US. Ultimately, it stated that the US should “stop containing and suppressing (遏制打压) China” and implement its commitments of having “no intention to decouple with China, no intention to block China’s economic development, and no intention to encircle China.”


 

International Work

2.1 CCP International Department (CCP/ID) Head Liu Jianchao (刘建超) met with the Ambassador to the PRC from Denmark, Thomas Østrup Møller.


2.1 CCP/ID Head Liu Jianchao (刘建超) met with the Head of the Delegation of the European Union (EU) to the PRC, Jorge Toledo Albiñana.

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