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Weekly Report 5|7 2.11.23-2.17.23


Xi Jinping met with the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran Ebrahim Raisi in Beijing. (See Senior Leaders section)

The Politburo Standing Committee held a meeting to hear a work report on the epidemic prevention and control situation. Xi Jinping presided over the meeting and delivered an important speech. (See Senior Leaders section)

A Zhong Sheng (钟声) commentary series criticized the supposed domestic and international failings of “US-style democracy.” (See Propaganda Work section)


Senior Leaders

Xi Jinping Holds Talks with Iran President Raisi

2.15 Xi Jinping met with the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran Ebrahim Raisi in Beijing. Xi pointed out that “China-Iran relations have traditionally been friendly” and that “bilateral relations have experienced different kinds of changes in international winds and tests.” He stated that China has consistently attached great importance to the development of China-Iran relations and that “regardless of how the international and regional situation changes the Chinese side would not waver from developing friendly cooperation with Iran, promoting the continuous new development of the China-Iran comprehensive strategic partnership, and playing an important role in world peace and human progress amid profound changes unseen in a century.” Xi emphasized that “maintaining the stability of the Middle East” is vital to the region’s countries and the well-being of its people, to maintaining world peace, to advancing global economic development, and to ensure stability in energy supply. He emphasized that the “Chinese side appreciates the Iranian side being willing to actively improve relations with neighboring countries and supports countries using dialogue and consultation to resolve conundrums.” He stated that China is “willing to continue playing a constructive role in advancing regional peace and stability.” He emphasized that China is willing to work with Iran to strengthen dialogue and collaboration based on “multilateral platforms” such as the “United Nations and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (上海合作组织), practice true multilateralism (真正的多边主义), and protect the common interests of developing countries.” He stressed that the “Chinese side will continue a constructive role in participating” in negotiations over resuming discussions over a comprehensive agreement on the Iran “nuclear issue” and “supporting the Iranian side in protecting its legitimate and legal interests” thus promoting an early resolution to the Iran nuclear issue. For his part, President Raisi expressed “support for the Chinese side’s proposal of the ‘Belt and Road Initiative’ (一带一路), Global Development Initiative (全球发展倡议), and the Global Security Initiative (全球安全倡议), and will actively participate.” He further stated that “Iran and China both oppose unilateralism and hegemonic bullying (霸权霸凌)” and “firmly oppose interference by external forces.” He emphasized that “Iran firmly supports the Chinese side in protecting the country’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.”

After the meeting, the two heads of state signed a number of cooperation documents on agriculture, trade, tourism, the environment, public health, disaster response, culture, sport, among other areas. Politburo members Wang Yi (王毅) and He Lifeng (何立峰) participated in the relevant activities.

Xi Jinping: Several Major Issues in Current Economic Work

2.15 Qiushi published part of Xi Jinping’s 15 December speech at the Central Economic Work Conference titled “Several Major Issues in Current Economic Work.” The speech emphasized that next year’s economic work would be challenging and discussed five specific areas of economic work. First, Xi discussed efforts to expand domestic demand noting that “inadequate aggregate demand” is an “outstanding problem.” He stated that the priority should be to “strengthen consumption” and “noting that “income is a function of consumption” emphasized increasing the incomes of urban and rural residents via multiple channels. Xi proceeded to discuss the importance of using “government investment” and “policy incentives” (政策激励) to “effectively drive investment in society.” He emphasized that it is necessary to increase investment in science and technology and attract private capital to participate in important national projects and compensate for “shortcomings in project construction.” He stressed that it is important to “stabilize exports to developing countries, expand exports to emerging countries” and give “full play to the role of the China-Europe Railway Express.” Second, he emphasized accelerating the construction of a modern industrial system. Xi emphasized ensuring smooth circulation in the economy and a steady supply of food and energy. He further noted the importance of accelerating the establishment of “new forms of energy systems'” in addition to the “diversification of imports.” He emphasized the importance of “strategic emerging industries” (战略性新兴产业) leading “future development” and accelerating research and development in and the application of “cutting-edge technologies” such as “artificial intelligence” (人工智能) and “quantum computing” (量子计算). Third, he emphasized “effectively implementing the ‘two unswervings’ (两个毫不动摇).” He stated the importance of “deepening reforms” of state-owned assets and enterprises and improving their “core competitiveness,” noting that some enterprises have seen low returns and that they are lacking in “innovation abilities.” He proceeded to stress “optimizing the development environment for private enterprises” and emphasized that it is necessary to “improve systems for fair competition” and “oppose local protectionism (地方保护) and administrative monopolies (行政垄断) to open up more space for private enterprises.”

Fourth, he emphasized further attracting and utilizing foreign investment. He stressed “expanding” their “market access,” reducing the number of areas in which foreign investment is restricted in a “reasonable manner,” and giving full play to the role of China’s “pilot Free Trade Zones, the Hainan Free Trade Port, and various development and tax-exempt zones.” Next, he emphasized “optimizing the business environment” including by increasing protection of intellectual property rights and the “legitimate rights and interests” of foreign companies. He also stressed “actively participating in the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and the Digital Economy Partnership Agreement (DEPA).” He further stressed “strengthening communication and exchanges with foreign businesspeople” to ensure that it is convenient for them to engage in “trade and investment discussions.” Fifth, he stressed “effectively preventing and resolving economic and financial risks.” Xi highlighted the importance of preventing systemic risks triggered by the real estate industry and iterated that “houses are for living in, not for speculation.” He emphasized “promoting a smooth transition in real estate to a new development model (新发展模式).” He further highlighted that it is necessary to “strengthen the centralized leadership of the Party Central Committee over financial work and deepen reforms of the financial system (金融体制). Next, he discussed “preventing and resolving” risks related to “government debt” (政府债务). He emphasized that it is necessary to strengthen the responsibilities of provincial-level governments to resolve the problem of “hidden debt” (隐性债务) and expand hidden debt “disposal efforts.” He proceeded to emphasize “deepening reforms of the financial and tax system, improving financial transfer and payment systems, improving fiscal systems (财政体制) below the provincial level, and steadily promoting the establishment of local tax systems.” Xi concluded by stating the importance of “comprehensively advancing rural revitalization (乡村振兴), stabilizing food production, and firmly blocking a large-scale return to poverty.” He emphasized that it is necessary to “construct a high-level socialist market economic system, promote ‘higher-level opening up to the outside world,’ and plan for a new round of comprehensively deepening reforms.” He further stressed doing a good job in organizing the third Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation and promoting both “high-quality development” via the Belt and Road Initiative and a “green transformation” (绿色转型) in socioeconomic development.

The Politburo Standing Committee Holds a Meeting to Hear Work Situation Reports on Recent Epidemic Prevention and Control Work, General Secretary Xi Jinping Presides Over Meeting

2.16 The Politburo Standing Committee held a meeting to hear a work report on the epidemic prevention and control situation. Xi Jinping presided over the meeting and delivered an important speech. The meeting emphasized that during the past three years epidemic prevention and control has been “extraordinary.” It stressed that the “Party Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core has consistently upheld the people above all else, lives above all else, and united to lead the entire Party and country’s ethnic groups to concentrate on fighting the pandemic.” It emphasized that central leadership “optimized and adjusted (优化调整) pandemic prevention and control policies” after “coordinating highly effective pandemic prevention and control with socioeconomic development” and “successfully avoiding more pathogenic virus strains.” It stated that “since November 2022 we have revolved around [the concept of] ‘protecting health, preventing serious illness,’ continuously optimized and adjusted prevention and control measures, and in a short amount of time realized a smooth transition (平稳转段) in pandemic prevention and control.” It asserted that the virus’ death rate in China was maintained at the world’s lowest level and that a “major, decisive victory had been achieved in pandemic prevention and control” forging a “miracle in the history of human civilization” in a “country with a large population successfully exiting out of the pandemic.” It emphasized that “practice has proven that the important judgments (重大判断) of the Party Central Committee on the pandemic situation, major decisions on prevention and control work, and important adjustments in prevention and control policies were completely accurate” It stated that the “measures were forceful, the masses agreed to them, and the achievements were enormous.” It proceeded to emphasize that currently the overall national pandemic prevention and control situation was good and that there has been a smooth transition into the “Class B management” (乙类乙管) pandemic prevention and control stage. It stated however, that the pandemic is still occurring globally and that the virus is “continuously mutating.”

The meeting demanded “serious implementation of the decision-making and deployments (决策部署) of the Party Central Committee, compacting and implementing the ‘four responsibilities’ (四方责任), and doing a good job in management and control of at-risk personnel.” It stressed strengthening the establishment of virus monitoring and early warning capabilities and improving outbreak and information reporting systems. It stated the importance of promoting the vaccination of the elderly and continuing to “optimize the distribution of resources.” It further emphasized “strengthening the provision and production of medical supplies, improving reserve systems (储备制度) and cataloging, consolidating and improving coordination and provision mechanisms for personnel and goods.” Next, it stressed resolving shortcomings in “grassroots capabilities, pharmaceuticals, and equipment” in addition to coordinating and promoting technological capabilities in scientific and health-related research. Lastly, it stated the importance of “telling China’s story of fighting the pandemic well” and “advancing courageously” in the “new era and new journey.”


Propaganda Work

Zhong Sheng Commentary Series

A Zhong Sheng (钟声) series criticized the supposed domestic and international failings of “US-style democracy.”

11 February’s commentary, titled “Democracy Should Not Be a Tool for the United States to Engage in Hegemonic Bullying and the Way of the Hegemon,” stated that “in recent days, US President Biden again yakked about democracy. On one hand, he trumpeted (自吹自擂) that US-style democracy is ‘unbowed and unbroken.’ On the other, he blurted out (信口开河) smears against other countries.” It stated that “Washington’s political wrestling grows more and more intense; the difficult governance problems troubling the United States drag on and on without solution; and a democratic deficit and governance dysfunction have become a noticeable national situation in the United States today.” Hence, the US “fundamentally has no qualification to consider itself an ‘international democratic magistrate’ (国际民主判官).” It proceeded to cite polls demonstrating pessimism in the US public about the direction of the country; mass shootings; police violence; and partisan division among the “maladies of US-style democracy” and “pains of US society.” It asserted that “US politicians not only do not reflect on the problems in US-style democracy, but also use democracy as a tool to engage in hegemony, the way of the hegemon, and bullying around the world.” It said that “forc[ing] the export of US-style democracy plunged Afghanistan’s people into utter misery (生灵涂炭)” before the United States “illegally froze the Afghan central bank’s assets.” It continued that “the United States meddled in Syria’s affairs under the veneer of democracy” and that the results were disastrous. Next, it emphasized that “since the Biden administration took office, it has played the ‘democracy card’ (民主牌) in its foreign policy, peddled the false narrative of so-called ‘democracies versus autocracies,’ and attempted to piece together a so-called “alliance of values” (价值观同盟). It stated that the “United States’ attempt to duplicate its Cold War script is a serious misjudgment of international patterns and the trend of the times.” It emphasized that “democracy is the shared value of all mankind” and that it “should not become a tool to safeguard hegemony.” It stressed that the US “clinging to stirring up confrontation, dividing the world, and suppressing other countries in the name of democracy is bound to only fail.” It urged the US and President Biden to “face up to and handle its own various problems, make the US people believe that their own country is headed in the right direction, and not point fingers at or make thoughtless remarks (说三道四) about other countries’ internal affairs.”

12 February's commentary, titled “US-Style Democracy’s So-Called ‘Strength’ Is Only an Illusion,” began by stating that “for a long time, the United States has always been a self-proclaimed ‘beacon of democracy.’” It stated that even when “facing problems such as ever-intensifying money politics, political polarization, societal fissure, maldistribution of wealth, racial discrimination, and gun violence, US politicians can still tell lies with eyes open and declare that ‘democracies have become stronger, not weaker.’” It asserted that “US-style democracy is a ‘rich person’s game’ (富人游戏) built on the foundation of capital,” with a campaign finance system turning economic inequality into political inequality. It continued to state that “US-style democracy flaunts its checks and balances in power, but actually slips further every day into a vortex of partisan disputes.” It cited protests against coronavirus measures, gun control, and the debt ceiling before stating that the “United States’ two parties both turn opposing the other side into a weapon,” resulting in the weakening of effective governance, the trampling of the impartial rule of law, and the expansion of societal divisions. It asserted that the “chaos brought about by the disorder in US-style democracy is unceasingly on display, and this leads people’s confidence in it to continue to fall.” It cited the “Capitol Hill riot,” “systemic racial discrimination,” gun violence, and economic inequality as major problems and asserted that polls show that many inside and outside the United States do not see the US as a “model democracy.” It emphasized that “the United States was never an honor student (优等生) of democracy, let alone a ‘model democracy’” and that “US-style democracy in increasing chaos will not become stronger with the empty slogans of US politicians.” It concluded that “US politicians and their indulgence in deceiving themselves and others; their politicization, instrumentalization, and weaponization of democracy; and their interference in other countries’ internal affairs everywhere are not as good as sooner facing their own system’s structural defects and doing things that benefit the peoples of the United States and the world.”

13 February’s commentary, titled “Self-Whitewashing Cannot Cover Up the Harm of US-Style Hegemony,” stated that in foreign policy “what the United States verbally advertises is democracy, but what it believes in in its bones is hegemony.” It stated that in recent days, a “US politician stated that the United States is again uniting the world, welcomes all kinds of challenges, and strives to bring ‘more freedom, more dignity, and more peace’ to all places in the world. It stated that in reality “the United States provokes ideological antagonism, coerces other countries to choose sides (选边站队), abuses illegal unilateral sanctions and ‘long-arm jurisdiction,’ interferes in other countries’ internal affairs, and tramples on international rules” in the “name of false democracy.” It stated that US “hegemony” and “bullying” has brought “profound disaster to the peoples of many countries.” On Syria, the commentary stated that “under great pressure from international public opinion, the United States had no choice but to announce the temporary relaxation of some of its sanctions measures against Syria.” It stated that, however, “the time limit [of the relaxation] was only 180 days” and that “not only this, but the US military is still to this day seizing Syria’s major oil fields, extorting and plundering more than 80 percent of oil production, and smuggling and plundering Syria’s grain reserves.” On Afghanistan, the commentary raised the issues of the US freezing of central bank assets, civilian casualties during the war, and hunger in the country. It emphasized that “in the practice of US foreign policy, democracy is nothing more than a tool to push hegemony” and that “for a long time, the United States has been accustomed to forcing its own political system and values and principles on others, planning ‘color revolutions’ in the name of ‘democratic transitions,’ wantonly interfering in other countries’ internal affairs, and attempting to overturn other countries’ political power.” This has led many countries and regions to “sink deep into quagmires of instability, conflict, and war.” In recent years, US politicians have also “safeguarded US hegemony even more so by means fair or foul (更加不择手段).” It cited former US National Security Advisor John Bolton’s acknowledgement that “he assisted in planning coup d’etats in other countries.” Next, it stated that “according to the decline in the United States’ hegemonic status, this US administration does its utmost to form a so-called ‘alliance of values’ and through knitting a false narrative of ‘democracies confronting autocracies’” has engaged in “coercing and roping” some countries to “choose sides.” It asserted that the “alliance of values” is a pretext to further US hegemony. It then cited the Inflation Reduction Act harming European interests in warning that the United States “can push a so-called ‘Indo-Pacific Economic Framework’ without market access commitments and can coerce other countries to ‘decouple and break chains’ (脱钩断链).” It concluded that “US politicians should stop their awkward display of self-whitewashing, stop their democratic preaching as if they are superior to others (高人一等), and stop their hegemonic conduct which harms world peace.”

Make a Good Start for Comprehensively Building a Modern Socialist Country

2.15 Qiushi’s Editorial Department published an article echoing Xi Jinping’s calls for continued economic development work. The article highlighted key messages in Xi Jinping’s speech at the December 2022 Central Conference on Economic Work, in which he emphasized that “economic work is complex and requires a strategic overall perspective.” The article echoed a call for the “systematic deployment of five major issues” from Xi’s speech, which included focusing on expanding domestic demand; accelerating the construction of a modern industrial system; effectively implementing the “two unswervings” (两个毫不动摇); making greater efforts to attract and utilize foreign capital; and effectively preventing and defusing major economic and financial risks. Going into greater detail on the “five major issues” from Xi’s speech, the article first highlighted the issue of expanding domestic demand. It noted that domestic demand is the basic driving force of China’s economic development and the implementation of the strategy of expanding domestic demand is “to meet the actual needs of the people’s yearning for a better life.” The article stated that China effectively responded to multiple international crises, including the 2008 financial crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic, by expanding domestic demand, and thus has “accumulated successful experience.” It noted the Central Committee and State Council’s issuance of the “Strategic Planning Outline for the Expansion of Domestic Demand (2022-2035)” has made a long-term plan for promoting the implementation of the strategy of expanding domestic demand. Other highlighted messages included prioritizing restoring and expanding consumption and effectively promoting investment across society through government investment and policy incentives. The second major issue emphasized “consolidat[ing] the industrial foundation of the new development pattern (新发展格局).” The article noted that building a modern industrial system is an inevitable requirement for promoting high-quality development, an “urgent need to win the initiative in the competition of major powers,” and a major measure for comprehensively building a modern socialist country. It highlighted several achievements in the development of China’s manufacturing sector and emerging industries, and emphasized the messages of “ensuring the smooth circulation of the national economy” and “speed[ing] up the upgrading and development of the industrial system.”

The third major issue emphasized always adhering to the “two unswervings.” The article noted that implementing public ownership as the main body and common development of various ownership systems is an inherent requirement of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, as well as an inevitable requirement for the improvement of the socialist market economic system. It observed that Xi Jinping emphasized that the actions of consolidating and developing the public sector while “encouraging, supporting, and guiding the development of the non-public sector” are “not opposed, but organically unified,” and inject confidence and provide guidance for the stable and healthy development of various market players. The fourth major issue emphasized “attracting global resource elements with domestic circulation.” The article noted that “vigorously attracting and utilizing foreign capital” is an important part of China’s “higher-level opening up to the outside world,” which has promoted “rational resource allocation,” promoted market-oriented reforms, and played an important role in China’s socioeconomic development. It touted 21 free trade pilot zones and the Hainan Free Trade Port along with the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement as part of this strategy and further emphasized themes of expanding market access, comprehensively optimizing the business environment, and doing a good job of serving foreign-funded enterprises in a targeted manner. The fifth major issue emphasized “firmly hold[ing] the bottom line of no systemic risk.” The article highlighted efforts to effectively prevent and defuse major systematic economic and financial risks as an important part of maintaining national security, focusing on and making specific deployments from three key aspects: preventing systematic risks caused by the real estate industry and promoting a new development model without the previous strategy of “high debt, high leverage, and high turnover”; preventing and defusing financial risks, including strengthening the centralization and unification of financial work by the Central Committee; preventing and defusing local government debt risks, including preventing and resolving hidden debts, prohibiting “disguised debt-raising behaviors,” and strengthening the comprehensive governance of financing platform companies; and deepening reform of the fiscal and taxation system.


Central Military Commission

The General Office of the Central Military Commission Issues a Study and Education Plan for the Chairman Responsibility System

2.13 The General Office of the Central Military Commission (CMC) issued a new study and education plan for the Chairman Responsibility System (军委主席负责制). The plan, which entails “important measures,” deeply “implements Xi Jinping's thinking on a strong military” and clarifies the “overall requirements, basic content, important tasks, and organizational guarantees” for studying and learning the Chairman Responsibility System. The plan emphasized that “political loyalty” (政治忠诚) must be the “basis” for the study and education of the Chairman Responsibility System and that “political abilities” (政治能力) are key. It also stressed continued adherence to “scientific theory,” comprehending “practical achievements,” carrying forward “fine traditions,” and familiarization with the system and rules to “lead the entire military’s officers and soldiers to deeply comprehend the decisive significance of the ‘two establishes’ (两个确立)” and “accurately grasp the major significance of the Chairman Responsibility System and its important contents and practical requirements.” Furthermore, it emphasized “achieving absolute loyalty (绝对忠诚), absolute purity (绝对纯洁), and absolute reliability (绝对可靠)” and stressed “obeying the Party Central Committee, the Central Military Commission, and Chairman Xi’s commands in all actions.” Next, the plan emphasized that “studying and learning the Chairman Responsibility System” must be a “basic project” at all levels, that it must be given an “important position,” and that implementation measures should be established. Finally it stressed “providing a guarantee of teaching materials for the armed forces, conducting theoretical research, strengthening inspections and evaluations, and ensuring the implementation of “studying and education.”


Comprehensively Deepening Reform

Qiushi: Strive to Promote Economic Improvements and Reasonable Growth

2.16 The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) published an article in Qiushi calling for a variety of measures to promote “quality economic improvements and “reasonable growth.” Noting Xi Jinping’s 20th Party Congress Report and quoting the December 2022 Central Economic Work Conference, the article called for promoting “quality economic improvements and reasonable growth” in order to “solidly promote Chinese-style modernization.” It further called for uniting thoughts and actions around Central Committee deployments and promoting their implementation with the “Spirit of Driving Nails” (钉钉子精神). The article then split its recommendations into three main sections. In the first section, it called for “strengthen[ing] confidence in development and fully understand[ing] new achievements in socioeconomic development.” The article noted that 2022 was an extremely important year in the history of the Party and the country and that China “faced up to difficulties and forged ahead, promoted overall economic achievement, social harmony, and stability” and made new major achievements in development.” It pointed out that total economic volume has reached a new level, with achievements consolidated in stabilizing the macroeconomic market, growing the domestic job market, and controlling inflation. The increasing quality of development was then highlighted, calling attention to investment in research and development as well as the full implementation of the rural revitalization strategy. Other highlighted areas included further economic development reforms as part of reform and opening up (改革开放); “remarkable results” from the construction of ecological civilization (生态文明); the improvement of people’s lives through promoting employment of key groups, such as college graduates, retired soldiers, and migrant workers as well as the reform of the income distribution system and expansion of social security programs; and increased ability to resist risks through the improvement of supply chains and stabilization of energy supply. The second section called for “accurately grasping the situation and strengthening strategic confidence in promoting high-quality development.” It noted that China’s economic operations and development still face many domestic and international risks and challenges, but the fundamentals of long-term growth have not changed, and development “still has a good foundation and many favorable conditions.” These conditions include 1. Stronger political guarantees; 2. More prominent advantages of the socialist market economic system; 3. A more solid foundation for economic development; 4. Accelerated market potential; and 5. A continuously enhanced driving force for development, including reforms in key areas and deepening of institutional opening-up to help China’s business environment.

The third section called for “paying close attention to [policy] implementation and doing well in economic work throughout the year.” Specific tasks include focusing on expanding domestic demand as the top priority for stabilizing growth; accelerating the construction of a modern industrial system as the basis of the new development pattern (新发展格局), effectively implementing the “two unswervings” (两个毫不动摇); solidly promoting coordinated development of urban and rural areas, including rural revitalization and poverty alleviation; promoting high-level opening up to the outside world; promoting the green transformation of socioeconomic development, including ecological protection, pollution control, and carbon peaking and neutrality work; safeguarding people’s livelihoods, including promoting the top-level design of “common prosperity” (共同富裕) and strengthening policy coordination in the field of income distribution; and effectively preventing and defusing major risks.


Organizational Work

2.13 Chen Song (陈松) was appointed PRC Ambassador to Nepal.

2.13 Shi Hongwei (史宏微) was appointed PRC Ambassador to the Syrian Arab Republic.

2.13 Wan Li (万黎) was appointed PRC Ambassador to Tunisia.

2.13 Li Qinfeng (李钦峰) was appointed PRC Ambassador to the Central African Republic.

2.13 Wang Qing (王擎) was appointed PRC Ambassador to Sierra Leone.

2.13 Zhao Weiping (赵卫平) was appointed PRC Ambassador to Namibia.

2.13 Hou Yue (侯悦) was appointed PRC Ambassador to Norway.

2.13 Jia Guide (贾桂德) was appointed PRC Ambassador to Italy and San Marino.

2.13 Zhou Jian (周剑) was appointed PRC Ambassador to Fiji.

2.13 Zhang Yanhui (张艳辉) was appointed PRC Ambassador to El Salvador.


International Work

2.15 CCP International Department (CCP/ID) Head Liu Jianchao (刘建超) met with Iran’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hossein Amir-Abdollahian.

2.15 CCP/ID Deputy Head Guo Yezhou (郭业洲) held separate meetings with Iceland’s Ambassador to the PRC, Thórir Ibsen, and New Zealand’s Ambassador to the PRC, Grahame Morton.

2.17 CCP/ID Head Liu Jianchao (刘建超) met with Australia’s Ambassador to the PRC, Graham Fletcher.

2.17 CCP/ID Deputy Head Qian Hongshan (钱洪山) met with Portugal’s Ambassador to the PRC, Paulo Jorge Nascimento.


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