Weekly Report 4|79 7.16.22-7.22.22
Politburo Standing Committee Member and National People’s Congress Standing Committee Chair Li Zhanshu (栗战书) visited Tibet to conduct an inspection focused on ecological protection. (See Senior Leaders section)
People’s Daily continued its Zhong Sheng (钟声) series criticizing the passage of the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA) by the United States. (See Propaganda Work section)
The Ministry of Veterans Affairs, Central Military Commission Political Work Department, and office of the National Small Leading Group on “Double Support Work” issued a notice on activities for the 1 August anniversary of the People’s Liberation Army. (See Central Military Commission section)
Li Zhanshu: Adhere to a Systematic, Coordinated, [and] Special Protection [Approach] to Formulate Good Laws That Can Stand Up to [the] Test of History and [the] People
7.12-15 Politburo Standing Committee Member and National People’s Congress Standing Committee Chair Li Zhanshu (栗战书) visited Tibet to conduct an inspection studying Qinghai-Tibet Plateau ecological protection legislation. During his visit, Li emphasized that it is necessary to guide the ecological protection of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau with Xi Jinping Thought on Ecological Civilization and “adhere to the systematic, coordinated, and special protection [approach] to formulating good laws that can stand the test of history and the people.” Li visited Nyingchi (林芝), Shigatse (日喀则), and Lhasa (拉萨) among other places to inspect wetland protection, river and tidal flat improvement, afforestation, water resources protection and mine restoration, holding discussion meetings to listen to the opinions and suggestions of relevant parties on legislative work. He pointed out that the formulation of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau ecological protection law (青藏高原生态保护法) is a “major measure” in implementing the important instructions and requirements of Xi Jinping on the ecological protection of the plateau, and the plateau “plays an extremely important role in national and even global ecological security.” In drafting the law, Li stated that the general tone of the law is to “take ecological protection as the basic premise and rigid constraint of regional development” and to put the “main line” of “ecological protection first” (生态保护第一) in all aspects of the law. He further emphasized strengthening the protection, management, restoration, and risk prevention and control of various important ecological systems, as well as providing a strong legal guarantee for the ecological protection of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
During his visits to local party congresses, Li emphasized that the achievements of various tasks in Tibet and the development and progress of various undertakings in the future “lie in the strong leadership of the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core.” Li stressed further implementing the strategic thinking of “controlling the country requires controlling the border, and controlling the border requires first stabilizing Tibet” (治国必治边、治边先稳藏), achieving long-term peace and order (长治久安), promoting high-quality development, guarding against “the plots and activities of all kinds of separatist forces,” and resolutely safeguarding national security and stability in Tibet. Lastly, he called for local party congresses to closely focus on the implementation of Xi Jinping’s important instructions on Tibet work, play a functional role in the work of promoting stability, development, ecology, and strong borders, and take practical actions to welcome the victorious convening of the 20th Party Congress.
Yang Jiechi: Deepen Solidarity and Cooperation With Emerging Market Countries and Developing Countries, Join Hands to Build a Community of Shared Future for Mankind
7.16 Qiushi published an article by Politburo Member and Office of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission Director Yang Jiechi (杨洁篪) which called for “strengthening the solidarity and cooperation with emerging markets and developing countries to jointly tackle common challenges” and adherence to two lists of specific aims and actions to develop these relationships. Yang first commented on Xi’s speeches to the 14th BRICS Summit, saying that the “international community spoke highly [of Xi’s speeches]” and “emerging market and developing countries responded enthusiastically,” with countries “believing that at the critical moment where [it is unclear where] the world is headed, China has played an important role in safeguarding the common interests of emerging markets and developing countries as well as promoting the development of the international order in a more just and equitable direction.” In light of the coronavirus pandemic, Yang declared that China “is at the forefront of the world in epidemic prevention and control [as well as] economic recovery,” will “unswervingly push forward the building of a community of shared future for mankind” (人类命运共同体), and will “overcome difficulties together with the vast number of developing countries.” Yang lauded China’s humanitarian aid activities around the world, calling attention to the 2.2 billion doses of vaccine that China provided to more than 120 countries and international organizations, as well as emergency assistance after the Tonga volcano eruption and earthquake in Afghanistan. After trumpeting China’s cooperative agreements with various regions around the world, Yang accused “some countries” of “doing everything possible to instigate [discord] and destroy China’s relations with emerging market and developing countries,” “coercing and inducing relevant countries to choose sides,” and “concocting such absurd arguments as the so-called ‘China debt trap.’” Yang proclaimed that the “attempt to contain China cannot succeed.”
Moving forward, Yang called for a number of key aims in the “new chapter in the era of solidarity and cooperation between China and developing countries,” which included, first, following the leadership of Xi’s diplomatic strategy in the development of China’s relations with emerging markets and developing countries around the globe. Second, he called for the inheritance and innovation of the “friendship policy” with developing countries through the concept of “amity, sincerity, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness” (亲诚惠容), as Xi Jinping has stated that “no matter how China develops, it will always belong to the developing nations.” Third, Yang called for firmly safeguarding common rights and interests, including developing countries’ “sovereignty, security, and development interests,” and opposing hegemonism, power politics, “some Western countries’ interference in other countries’ internal affairs under the guise of human rights and democracy,” and unilateral sanctions and pressure. Yang highlighted the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the new “BRICS+” cooperation model as part of this aim. Fourth, he called for mutually beneficial cooperation and common development, with a focus on the need to adhere to the “people-centered development philosophy”; better protecting people’s livelihoods in global macroeconomic policies; construction of the Belt and Road Initiative; strengthening the connection with the regional development plans of Asia, Africa, Latin America, and other regions; promoting economic integration and “development linkage”; promoting the construction of an “open world economy”; opposing all forms of protectionism; supporting accelerated technology transfer and knowledge sharing; bridging the “digital divide” (数字鸿沟); strengthening food and energy security; and focusing on sustainability; and attaching no political conditions. Fifth, Yang called for presiding over justice and promoting security. Yang highlighted Xi Jinping’s Global Security Initiative, which emphasizes that “security is a prerequisite for development and that mankind is an indivisible security community” and has “effectively countered the actions of a few countries to draw ideological lines, incite camp confrontation, and create international divisions.” He also highlighted China’s “constructive role” in the “Ukraine crisis” as well as other hotspots, such as the Middle East, the Iranian nuclear issue, Afghanistan, and the Korean Peninsula. Finally, he called for seeking common progress through exchanges and mutual learning. Yang called for China to promote common values, and noted that whether a “country’s path is feasible or not” depends on whether it “conforms to its own national conditions” and whether it “conforms to the development trend of the times.” He claimed that the development of the international situation has “repeatedly proved that external interference and so-called democratic transformation have caused endless harm.” He said China has “stepped out of the path of Chinese-style modernization,” created a new form of human civilization, “demonstrated the diversity of human civilization development,” and provided new choices for those countries and nations around the world that “want to speed up development and maintain their independence.”
In continuing to build relationships with developing countries, Yang called firstly for “consolidat[ing] unity and friendship” through maintaining an ideological commitment to cooperation with developing countries; making use of the “leading role” of head-of-state diplomacy and mechanisms of exchange at all levels; strengthening policy communication, political trust, and blending of interests; mutual support on matters of “core interests”; supporting countries to their own “development paths” and models; and opposing foreign forces’ attempts to spread misinformation and prevent such cooperation. Second, he called for improving “work arrangements” by strengthening multilateral coordination, particularly in Asia, supporting the centrality of ASEAN, and continuing to implement regional cooperation programs. Third, Yang called for expanding fields of cooperation, supporting cooperation with developing countries in fields like anti-poverty work and the transition to “green” and digitized development. Fourth, he called for increasing cooperation on international development through actions such as improving the design, management, and oversight of foreign aid programs. Finally, Yang called for “jointly promoting global governance” through support for “true multilateralism,” the “democratization of international relations,” and the representation and voice of developing countries in global issues; expanding the substantive content of cooperation mechanisms like BRICS and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation; strengthening coordination with emerging and developing economies under the framework of the UN; and maintaining communication, advancing shared interests, and “leading the correct direction for the international order” in multilateral mechanisms like the G20 and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.
Sun Chunlan: Strictly Implement the 9th Edition of the [National Coronavirus] Prevention and Control Plan, Unceasingly Raise the Level of Scientific Accuracy in Prevention and Control
7.18-19 Politburo Member and State Council Vice Premier Sun Chunlan (孙春兰) inspected the implementation of the latest edition of the national coronavirus plan in Hebei. Sun visited relevant sites– such as a high speed rail station and the Center for Disease Control in Handan (邯郸) and the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University and a community testing site in Shijiazhuang (石家庄)-- and met with frontline medical workers and experts to hear their suggestions and opinions. She stressed implementing the “spirit” of Xi Jinping’s directives on coronavirus, the Central Committee and State Council’s strategic decisions and deployments, a general strategy of “dynamic zero” (动态清零), regularized coronavirus control measures, and the latest national plan on the pandemic, so that the virus can be controlled with the least time and cost possible. Sun recognized the results of regularized prevention and control measures in Hebei, such as daily videoconferences between officials responsible for pandemic control at the provincial, city, and county levels. She emphasized that the latest national coronavirus plan is not a “relaxation” (放松) of control, but requires precision and greater accuracy in preventative efforts and addressing loopholes. Sun called for the prevention of imported cases through measures focusing on ports of entry and international shipment, for a stronger foundation of “grassroots” prevention and control through measures focused on educating the public, and for improving contract tracing by providing better training and “scientifically demarcating” areas and groups found to be at high risk based on contact tracing results. She stressed dealing with difficult cluster outbreaks with a rapid mobilization of resources and without hesitation, warning against any slackening of prevention and control measures.
Continue to Write a New Chapter in [the] Practice of “One Country, Two Systems” at a New Historical Starting Point
7.15 A Qiushi Commentator Article highlighted Xi Jinping’s recent trip to attend the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to China and the inauguration ceremony of the sixth government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR), where he delivered a series of speeches and reiterated China’s determination to uphold the laws of “One Country, Two Systems” (一国两制) to guide the future development of Hong Kong. The Commentator Article proclaimed that “One Country, Two Systems” and Hong Kong’s development have reached a “new historical starting point,” and so the people of China must unite more closely around the Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core, “remain true to our original aspiration” (不忘初心), “unite as one” (团结一心), and “add luster to the realization of the second centenary goal and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation” through greater success in the practice of ‘One Country, Two Systems.’” It noted that Hong Kong has “made an irreplaceable contribution to the miracle of long-term, stable, and rapid economic development” of China in the “grand torrent” of national reform and opening up, and Hong Kong has “actively integrated into the overall situation of national development” and aligned itself with the national development strategy. After lauding the growth in Hong Kong’s GDP, foreign exchange reserve, and stock market value, the Article claimed that Hong Kong has been rated “the world’s freest economy” for 25 consecutive years, and had been selected as one of the most competitive regions in the world by “many international institutions for many years.”
The Article then noted that Hong Kong’s residents have enjoyed “unprecedented democratic rights and broad freedoms” for 25 years, and “Hong Kong’s true democracy began after its return to China.” Prior to its return, the Article claimed that the British Hong Kong authorities had “excluded the Chinese from the governance structure” and implemented racial discrimination policies against the Chinese, with “no democracy to speak of in Hong Kong.” It its current state, the Article noted that the compatriots of Hong Kong “are the masters of their own affairs” (当家作主), “Hong Kongers governing Hong Kong” (港人治港) has been implemented, and they have a “high degree of autonomy.” However, the Article recognized that the “One Country, Two Systems” practice will inevitably encounter some issues, such as “oppose-China, stoke-chaos-in-Hong-Kong” (反中乱港) running rampant for a time due to the influence of “complicated internal and external factors,” but with the passing of the Hong Kong National Security Law, the revision and reform of Hong Kong’s electoral system, and the implementation of “patriots governing Hong Kong” (爱国者治港) under the Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core, Hong Kong has achieved a “major turning point from chaos to governance” and has been “reborn from the ashes.” It quoted Xi Jinping’s emphasis on implementing the “four musts” (四个必须: the “One Country, Two Systems” policy must be comprehensively and accurately implemented, the overall governance of the central government must be adhered to and a high degree of autonomy of the SARs must be guaranteed, “patriots governing Hong Kong” must be implemented, and Hong Kong’s unique status and advantages must be maintained), which are “inevitable requirements” for Hong Kong to achieve long-term stability. Lastly, it noted that Hong Kong is in a new stage of “moving from chaos to governance and from governance to prosperity” (由乱到治走向由治及兴) and the next five years will be a “critical period” for Hong Kong to create a new situation and achieve a “new leap forward” (新飞跃).
Zhong Sheng: The United States’ Sinister Plot of “Using Xinjiang to Contain China” Will Not Succeed
An ongoing Zhong Sheng (钟声) series criticized the passage of the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA) by the United States. It emphasized perceptions that UFLPA is an example of economic suppression borne out of a desire to contain China, rather than out of a genuine concern about human rights.
19 July’s commentary, titled “The Politicization of Economic Issues Seriously Impedes Fair Competition,” condemns the UFLPA as motivated by “political lies” created by the United States. It alleges that the bill is “using the label of human rights,” but actually represents an active effort on part of Washington to suppress industries in Xinjiang where China enjoys comparative advantages. The commentary describes the UFLPA as “economic coercion (经济胁迫)” and describes the law as one that “seriously breaks international trade practices and rules.” The commentary establishes that China is “the world’s biggest cotton importer and textile producer,” and has the world’s largest photovoltaic (PV) industry. It asserts that Xinjiang is furthermore, “an indispensable part of the supply chain for the world textile and PV industries.” The commentary proceeds to argue that the United States has implemented UFLPA to “eliminate competitors'' in Xinjiang, noting that the Act mandates the “exclusion of products made in Xinjiang from supply chains.” The commentary also accuses the United States of trying to “cause the transfer of the PV industry out of China.” It further criticizes the UFLPA for requiring businesses to spend resources on complying with new regulations, and referenced “extreme opposition (强烈反对) from American companies'' towards the sanctions citing comments made by American business executives Rick Helfenbein, former President of the American Apparel and Footwear Association, and Sean Hunkler, CEO of Austin-based FTC Solar. The commentary concludes by stating that the “reality will soon prove” that the UFLPA is Washington’s attempt to use “political black hands (政治黑手)” to “suppress the fair participation of Chinese firms in international market competition,” which will ultimately “only backfire on the United States.” It concludes by stating that the “United States should deeply reflect upon its protectionism and hegemonic practices, immediately cease political manipulation and attacks, immediately remove all suppressive measures of sanctions involving Xinjiang, immediately stop its methods of breaking international trade rules and dragging down the world’s economic growth.”
21 July’s commentary, titled “Under the Guise of Human Rights, Violating Human Rights is Hypocritical,” frames the Uyghur Forced Labor Protection Act (UFLPA) as a means for Washington to “interfere with and sabotage the poverty alleviation efforts of China’s government,” and that the United States is compelling a “forced return to poverty (强迫返贫)” in Xinjiang. The article begins by emphasizing that central authorities have achieved numerous accomplishments in Xinjiang’s economic development, noting that “between 2014 and 2020, the total number of employed citizens increased from 11.3524 million to 13.56 million, growing 19.4 percent.” It also notes that “in 2021, Xinjiang created 477,400 urban jobs,” and that disposable incomes for urban residents increased from an average of 23,000 RMB to 37,600 RMB while rural residents saw an increase from an average of 8,700 RMB to 15,600 RMB. It further emphasizes that by the end of 2020, more than 3.06 million Xinjiang residents had been “lifted out of poverty, and that the issue of absolute poverty has achieved a historic resolution.” The commentary then cites statistics published by US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) showing that over USD $485 million worth of goods produced in Xinjiang had been seized by the United States. It proceeds to state that such actions “seriously threatens the labor rights (劳动权) of hundreds of thousands of Xinjiang workers.” Thus, the commentary asserts that it is in fact “the United States that is undermining human rights in Xinjiang,” as opposed to China. It proceeds to state that the United States is trying to create “forced unemployment (强迫失业)” in Xinjiang to keep it “in a state of poverty (贫困状态)” and to sow “ethnic conflict and chaos (民族矛盾和混乱).” It then declares that such “sinister plans to ‘use Xinjiang to contain China (以疆制华)’ will never succeed.”
People’s Daily Commentator: Grasp the Four Major Issues of [Tibet’s] Stability, Development, Ecology, and Strong Border
7.21 A People’s Daily Commentator Article discussed remarks Xi Jinping gave on his inspection tour of Tibet from 21-23 July, 2021, which marked the 70th anniversary of its “peaceful liberation.” The Commentator Article said the tour had shown the extent of the Central Committee’s support for “Tibet work” and its “cadres and masses of all ethnic groups,” and that the people of Tibet remain inspired by Xi to “step forward in the advance towards a united, prosperous, civilized, and beautiful new modern socialist Tibet.” The Commentator Article discussed progress in Tibet since the 18th Party Congress in several fields. It claimed Tibet had entered a “new era of its best-ever development, largest-ever changes, and most-ever material benefits to the masses,” giving accomplishments in anti-poverty work, infrastructure development, and ecological consciousness as examples. Among other accomplishments, it said “Tibet’s society is stable and harmonious overall” and that “ethnic relations are peaceful and religion is compliant” (民族和睦宗教和顺). The commentary stressed that the progress and accomplishments made in Tibet fundamentally laid with Xi “steering a steady course at the helm (掌舵领航) as the core of the Party Central Committee and the core of the entire party” and the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. It praised Xi’s interest in and guidance of Tibet work, saying he had “personally steered the direction of Tibet work” and successfully guided Tibet to resolve many issues and accomplish many things it had previously failed at. It stressed that the Central Committee’s policies on Tibet were “fully correct” and that Tibet must persist in the Party’s leadership, the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the system of ethnic autonomous regions, and the Party’s “strategy for governance of Tibet in the new era” to obtain a better future. It said that amid “changes unseen in a century” (百年未有之大变局) and a “critical period” for national rejuvenation, “the entire Party, the entire military, and people of all ethnic groups” are fighting to achieve the second centenary goals, and all ethnic groups must be included in comprehensively building a modern socialist country. The Commentator Article emphasized implementing requirements put forth by Xi on his 2021 inspection tour; grasping the “phased nature” of Tibet work, doing mass work, improving social governance, and ensuring national security, social stability, and the people’s wellbeing; being firm in the understanding that all development must aid ethnic unity, the people’s livelihoods, and the people’s senses of gain, happiness, and security; walking the “road of high-quality development suited to Tibet’s actual [conditions]” and using “people-centric development thinking”; effectively resolving the “people’s livelihood” issues that concern the masses; and prioritizing the environment and sustainable “green” development. It concluded by reiterating earlier calls for resolve and adherence to central policies related to Tibet and “national rejuvenation,” calling for unity around “the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core,” taking “seeking progress while maintaining stability (稳中求进) as the main key of work,” and “welcoming the 20th Party Congress with concrete action.”
United Front Work
Wang Yang Presides Over CPPCC National Chairpersons’ Meeting
7.18 Politburo Standing Committee Member Wang Yang and Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference Chair Wang Yang (汪洋) presided over and delivered a speech at the 74th Chairpersons' meeting of the 13th CPPCC National Committee. Wang stated that this year, the CPPCC had “overcome pandemic effects, advanced all kinds of work according to plan, and achieved positive results.” Wang emphasized that “it is necessary to abide by General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important thinking and directives on strengthening and improving the CPPCC’s function, adhere to requirements set by the Central Committee, and “do a good job in looking back (回头看) on the progress of implementing the spirit of the Central CPPCC Work Conference and the work of ‘looking back.’” Wang stated that simultaneously, the CPPCC should “study and implement the Communist Party of China’s Regulations for Political Consultation Work (中国共产党政治协商工作条例).” Wang emphasized the importance of “improving quality, efficiency, and making progress amid stability for the political consultation work in the second half of the year.” He stressed Party leadership in ideology and politics, asserting that the CPPCC should “bolster ideological and political guidance,”; “respond to social concerns,” and “widely condense and spread a unified consensus” so as to unify various segments of the masses and create a “good atmosphere” for the upcoming 20th Party Congress. The meeting approved the draft agenda for the 23rd meeting of the CPPCC’s 13th National Committee, with plans to meet between 22 August and 24 August in Beijing to discuss policies that “resolutely prioritize employment” (坚持实施就业). The meeting also deliberated on and passed Opinions related to “strengthening and improving” work on historical and literary materials. Li Bin (李斌), vice-chair and Secretary-General of the National Committee of the CPCCC, as well as other vice chairs on the National Committee, also attended the meeting.
Central Military Commission
Three Departments Jointly Issue Notice on Doing “[Government] Supporting the Military and Privileging Dependents, [Military] Supporting the Government and Loving the People” Work in the 1 August [Holiday] Period
7.18 The Ministry of Veterans Affairs, Central Military Commission Political Work Department, and office of the National Small Leading Group on “Double Support Work” (双拥工作, [government] supporting the military and privileging dependents, [military] supporting the government and loving the people) issued a notice on activities for the 1 August anniversary of the People’s Liberation Army. The notice called for study and propaganda of the “glorious achievements obtained by General Secretary Xi Jinping in steering (领航) the undertakings of a new-era strong country and strong military”; the traditions and importance of unity between the government, military, and civilians; guiding service members to “deeply understand the decisive significance of the ‘two establishes’ (两个确立), strengthen the ‘four consciousnesses’ (四个意识), consolidate the ‘four confidences’ (四个自信), achieve the ‘two defends’ (两个维护); and to unite with the Party. It provided examples of the types and topics of propaganda and education activities that should be held for 1 August. Next, it called on all ministries to understand the military’s training to aid in reforms and resolving military issues; provide assistance in areas like training, scientific research, and provisioning; and offer greater assistance to and mobilize society’s support for soldiers, particularly those in remote and hardship postings. Similarly, it called on the military to promote programs for assistance to the masses, such as helping vulnerable groups like “left-behind children,” participating in the consolidation of the anti-poverty campaign and rural revitalization, attending “1 August ‘Love the People’ Schools,” and establishing aid stations in border areas. Finally, it stressed that the military must properly grasp implementation of laws protecting the rights and interests of service members, their dependents, and veterans. The military and government should carry out policies and activities to aid service members and dependents with issues like relocation and employment, and regularly visit and aid veterans. In conclusion, the notice reminded readers that activities must accord with COVID safety measures and “work style requirements” against waste.
General Office of the Central Military Commission Publishes Newly-Revised “Rules on Communist Youth League Work in the Military”
7.21 The General Office of the Central Military Commission issued revised rules on Communist Youth League (CYL) work in the military, effective 1 August, which “deeply implement Xi Jinping Thought on Strengthening the Military (习近平强军思想), focus on strengthening political aspects of military [CYL] chapters (军队团组织), fully develop the function and role of military [CYL] chapters, and carry out systematic standardization and improvement of military CYL work.” The revisions are intended to carry out the “spirit of Xi Jinping’s important speech” from May marking the 100th anniversary of the CYL and clarify military CYL chapters’ position and duties; standardize principles and requirements for founding chapters and set rules for the selection of leaders and term limits; improve aspects of management including internal disciplinary measures and promotion for entrance to the Party; standardize the CYL’s work in wartime; and strengthen and standardize Party organizations’ leadership of CYL chapters while ensuring the chapters stay active and effective.
International Liaison Work
7.20 CCP International Department (CCP/ID) Assistant Head Zhu Rui (朱锐) held a video call with former Prime Minister of Iraq Adil Abdul-Mahdi.
7.20 CCP/ID Deputy Head Shen Beili (沈蓓莉) attended the opening of a webinar for Latin American Marxist ruling parties. Leaders of fifteen parties from twelve countries attended, including General Secretary of the Communist Party of Bolivia Ignacio Mendoza, who gave a speech on behalf of the Latin American attendees.
7.21 CCP/ID Assistant Head Li Mingxiang (李明祥) attended the opening ceremony of an online seminar for cadres from Benin’s Progressive Union and Republican Bloc.
7.21 CCP/ID Deputy Head Qian Hongshan (钱洪山) held a video call with former Prime Minister of France Jean-Pierre Raffarin.
7.22 CCP/ID Head Liu Jianchao (刘建超) met with Chairman of the Committee for External Relations of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party, Thongsavanh Phomvihane.